Ebisu, Daikoku and Hotei

Maker(s)
Artist: Kano Naonobu (1607-1650)
Historical period(s)
Edo period, early 17th century
Medium
Folding fan mounted on hanging scroll; ink, color, and gold on paper
Dimensions
H x W (image): 22.5 x 48.7 cm (8 7/8 x 19 3/16 in)
Geography
Japan
Credit Line
Gift of Victor and Takako Hauge
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F2007.13a-e
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Painting
Type

Hanging scroll

Keywords
Daikoku, dance, Early Edo period (1615 - 1716), Ebisu, Edo period (1615 - 1868), fan, Hauge collection, Hotei, Japan, WWII-era provenance
Provenance

From early 1950s to 2007
Victor and Takako Hauge [1]

From 2007
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Victor and Takako Hauge in 2007

Notes:

[1] Acquisition Consideration Report. Acquired in Japan in the early 1950s.

Previous Owner(s)

Victor and Takako Hauge American (1919-2013, 1923-2015)

Label

Shimmering gold leaf on paper forms the background for this image of three of the popular gods of good fortune. Hotei dances while Ebisu and Daikoku laugh in delight; the ewer holds the wine that has put the three in high spirits. Ebisu, god of fishermen, sits cross-legged next to a large red snapper while Daikoku, god of wealth, leans on containers of rice. Hotei shoulders his cloth sack and carrying stick, emblematic of his life as a wandering hermit. He is also a popular deity in China, where legends about him evolved within a Zen Buddhist context.

Made to ornament a folding fan, this painting depicts two other kinds of fans—the Japanese-style flat fan that Ebisu waves and the Chinese-style flat fan in Hotei’s hand. Folding fans were in great demand and were painted by nearly all artists of the Edo period (1615–1868), including the Kano-school painters who served the Tokugawa shoguns. Nevertheless, because they were objects for use in daily life, fans often did not survive. Occasionally, fans painted by important artists were saved and mounted for display on hanging scrolls.

Collection Area(s)
Japanese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.