A.C. Ardeshir, Bombay, India and Windsor, England 
Family of A.C. Ardeshir, by descent 
Terence McInerney Fine Arts Ltd., New York City, to 2001
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Terence McInerney Fine Arts Ltd. in 2001
 According to Curatorial Note 3, Terence McInerney, June 2001, in the object record. Also, this object, as with most objects in the Ardeshir collection, was sent to England prior to the outbreak of World War I (according to Curatorial Note 3, Terence McInerney, June 2001, in the object record).
 See note 1.
- Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)
Terence McInerney Fine Arts Ltd.
A. C. Ardeshir
Eight lines of calligraphy within central space. On the proper left side is a border, 6.5-8 cm wide, of arabesques and flowers. A narrower border with a geometric pattern is on the bottom edge and part of the proper right side.On the top border (30 cm high) is a painting of a temple, Emperor Akbar's name, title, and seals. The top border and the callgraphy are on the same sheet of paper; the side and borders are pasted on.
The seal of the Emperor Akbar (with a central circle bearing his name and eight smaller circles inscribed with the name of Akbar's Timurid ancestors) appears in the space to the right of the temple depicted in the farman. The emperor's name and title are also written on the empty panel that occupies the position where the temple's interior image would otherwise appear. The wide border along the right side of the farman is decorated with a continuously scrolling floral arabesque, of great richness. While the much narrower borders (partially missing) on the other two sides are decorated with a simple repeat design.
See the description field.
- Published References
- Iqbal Husain. Akbar's Farmans - A Study in Diplomatic. .
- Irfan Habib. Three Early Farmans of Akbar, in Favour of Ramadas, the Master Dyer. .
- Michael Brand, Glenn D. Lowry. Akbar's India: Art from the Mughal City of Victory. Exh. cat. New York. cat. 80, pp. 120, 156.
- Saiyid Zaheer Husain Jafri. Akbar and His India. p. 266.
- Collection Area(s)
- South Asian and Himalayan Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
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