Minamoto no Yoshiie at Nakoso Barrier

Maker(s)
Artist: Sumiyoshi Hironao 住吉広尚 (1781-1828)
Calligrapher: Yokoyama Ikei (fl. ca. 1818-1829)
Historical period(s)
Edo period, early 19th century
Medium
Ink, color, and gold on silk
Dimensions
H x W (image): 98.4 × 42.5 cm (38 3/4 × 16 3/4 in)
Geography
Japan
Credit Line
Gift of Mr. Kenneth Keith
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1999.11
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Painting
Type

Hanging scroll

Keywords
archery, battle, bow, cherry blossom, cherry tree, Edo period (1615 - 1868), horse, Japan, kakemono, warrior, WWII-era provenance
Provenance

To 1999
Mr. Kenneth Keith, Rochester Hills, MI, to 1999

From 1999
Freer Gallery of Art, given by Mr. Kenneth Keith in 1999

Previous Owner(s)

Mr. Kenneth Keith

Label

For the Japanese nobility of the Heian period (794-1185), Nakoso Barrier marked one of the boundaries between the civilized world and the dangerous and less orderly regions beyond. In this painting, the great warrior Minamoto no Yoshi'ie (1041-1106), who was renowned for his martial skills, pauses at the barrier on his return toward Kyoto after successful battles to the north. There he wrote the poem that is inscribed above this painting: 

 Although I thought
 the wind would blow
 at Nakoso Barrier
 how deeply the mountain cherry blossoms
 cover the path

For Japanese people, cherry blossoms, which bloom briefly each spring, are associated with notions about the brevity of life. Cherry blossoms are thus appropriate motifs that often appear in poems by warriors.

Published References
  • Ann McClellan. The Cherry Blossom Festival. Boston. p. 10.
  • Roger V. Des Forges, John S. Major. The Asian World 600-1500. Medieval and Early Modern World New York. p. 77.
Collection Area(s)
Japanese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.