Detached folio from a Gulistan (Rosegarden) by Sa’di

Calligrapher: Sultan 'Ali Mashhadi
Historical period(s)
Mughal dynasty, Reign of Shah Jahan, Text dated 1468, illumination added early 16th c., paintings repainted ca. 1645
Ink, gold, and opaque watercolor on paper
H x W (page): 24.6 x 16 cm (9 11/16 x 6 5/16 in)
India and Iran
Credit Line
Gift of the Art and History Trust in honor of Ezzat-Malek Soudavar
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Detached folio

Gulistan, illumination, India, Iran, Mughal dynasty (1526 - 1858), Reign of Shah Jahan (1628 - 1658), rose, WWII-era provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable
Previous Owner(s)

Jahan-ara , daughter of Shah Jahan
Marquis of Bute
Mughal Imperial Library
The Art and History Trust
Shah Tahmasp 1524 - 1576
Akbar reigned 1556-1605


These intricate margin designs have been attributed to the Persian painter Aqa Mirak. Active in the first half of the sixteenth century, he was one of the leading artists at the court of the Safavid ruler, Shah Tahmasp (ruled 1524-76) at Tabriz in northwestern Iran. Much admired for his bold compositions and subtle use of color, Aqa Mirak also devised manuscript borders that were regarded as the finest examples of this greatly revered art form.

Published References
  • Thomas Lawton Thomas W. Lentz. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. vol. 1 Washington, 1998. pp. 148-151.
  • Abolala Soudavar Milo Cleveland Beach. Art of the Persian Court: Selections from the Art and History Trust Collection. New York. cat. 136, p. 332.
Collection Area(s)
Arts of the Islamic World
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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