Artist: Soen (late 15th- early 16th century)
Historical period(s)
Muromachi period, late 15th-early 16th century
Ink on paper
H x W (image): 24.8 × 34 cm (9 3/4 × 13 3/8 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Peggy and Richard M. Danziger
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll

Japan, kakemono, landscape, Muromachi period (1333 - 1573), WWII-era provenance

Hosomi Minoru, Japan [1]

To 1998
Peggy and Richard M. Danziger, New York purchased from Hosomi Minoru, to 1998 [2]

From 1998
Freer Gallery of Art, given by Peggy and Richard M. Danziger in 1998


[1] According to Curatorial Note 2, Ann Yonemura, May 5, 1998, in the object record.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s)

Peggy and Richard M. Danziger
Hosomi Minoru 1922-2006


A few strokes of ink reflecting the energy and assurance of the artist’s vision create this landscape of a steep bank rising from and expanse of water. A closer look reveals two huts nestled near a bridge at left, trees above on the bank, and a boat floating on the water at right. Such landscapes, often painted in the most minimal terms, are known in Japanese as haboku (Chinese: pomo), meaning literally “broken ink” (or “inkbreaking”). The artist Soen, a Zen Buddhist monk from Kamakura, traveled to distant Yamaguchi to study with the eminent painter Sesshu, from whom he learned this technique. Painting and viewing haboku landscapes, which were admired by Zen Buddhist monks, challenges the imagination and requires full concentration of the mind.

Published References
  • Thomas Lawton, Thomas W. Lentz. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. vol. 1 Washington, 1998. pp. 284-285.
Collection Area(s)
Japanese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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