Susanna and the Elders, folio from the Gulshan Album (Rose Garden album)

Historical period(s)
Mughal dynasty, Reign of Jahangir, ca. 1595
Mughal Court
Mughal School
Oil on paper (image); opaque watercolor and gold on paper (borders)
H x W (overall): 42.3 x 26.4 cm (16 5/8 x 10 3/8 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Album, Painting

Album leaf with painting

bathing, flower, India, Mughal dynasty (1526 - 1858), poems, Reign of Jahangir (1605 - 1627), Susanna, WWII-era provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable

This folio is a striking demonstration of Mughal artistic creativity and experimentation. The oil on paper is in a style closely related to paintings from Portugal and is one of  the only two known oils from Mughal India.

Published References
  • Sotheby's (London). Oriental Manuscripts and MIniatures. London, April 24, 1996. cat. 73.
  • Gauvin Bailey. The Jesuits and the Grand Mogul: Renaissance Art at the Imperial Court of India, 1580-1630. vol. 2 Washington, 1998. p. 29, fig. 21.
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court., 2nd. Washington and Ahmedabad, India, 2012. cat. 20G, p. 112, fig. 39.
  • Thomas Lawton, Thomas W. Lentz. Beyond the Legacy: Anniversary Acquisitions for the Freer Gallery of Art and the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. vol. 1 Washington, 1998. pp. 178-179.
Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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