Jar with four ornamental lugs

Historical period(s)
Ayutthaya period, 14th-15th century
Stoneware with iron glaze
Possibly Sawankhalok ware
H x W: 32.9 x 31 cm (12 15/16 x 12 3/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Ceramic, Vessel


Ayutthaya period (1351 - 1767), brown and black glaze, Sawankhalok ware, stoneware, Thailand

Early 1960s
Excavated in situ Bananan, barangay San Isidro, Puerto Galera municipality, Oriental Mindoro province, Philippines. [1]

Mr. and Mrs. Napoleon Jamir, Manila, Philippines, purchased in Manila, Philippines. [2]

From 1960s
Mr. Arturo de Santos, Philippines, purchased from Mrs. Napoleon Jamir, Manila, Philippines. [3]

To ca. 1995
Venecio Magbuhos of V.M. Antiques, Ermita, Manila, Philippines. [4]

From ca. 1995 to 1996
John Forbes, Silver Spring, Maryland, purchased from Venecio Magbuhos of V.M. Antiques, Ermita, Manila, Philippines. [5]

From 1996
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from John Forbes, Silver Spring, Maryland. [6]


[1] According to a letter from John Forbes to Louise Cort, 20 September 1994: "The two pieces [F1995.7, F1996.35] were reportedly excavated in the early 1960s in Puerto Galera, a small protected bay in northern Mindoro Island, believed to be a trading center for Chinese ships, later a provisioning center for Spanish galleons and today a resort for European trekkers and yachtsmen.”

[2] According to notes from Louise Cort dated March 24, 2005 “the jar was brought to Manila and purchased by Napoleon Jamir, a professional photographer, whose wife collected ceramics and operated an antique shop” and it was “purchased by Mr. Arturo de Santos (a noted ceramics collector in the Philippines second only to Mr. and Mrs. Locsin) in the early 1960s from the wife of Napoleon Jamir.”

[3] See note 2.

[4] The jar was “sold by Mr. Arturo de Santos to Venecio Magbuhos of V.M. Antiques (a Manila antique dealer who comes from Puerto Galera and has been in business since early 1960s) in Ermita, Manila.”

[5] John Forbes purchased the jar from Venecio Magbuhos of V.M. Antiques, Ermita, Manila in early 1995.

[6] See Acquisition Consideration Form, object file, Collections Management Office.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

John Forbes
Mr. and Mrs. Napoleon Jamir
Arturo de Santos
Venecio Magbuhos

Published References
  • Louise Allison Cort, George Williams, David P. Rehfuss. Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia. Washington. .
Collection Area(s)
Southeast Asian Art
Web Resources
Ceramics in Mainland Southeast Asia
Google Cultural Institute
F|S Southeast Asia
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.