Jain shrine of Parshvanatha

Historical period(s)
1097
Medium
Copper alloy
Dimensions
H x W x D: 29.5 x 19.1 x 9.2 cm (11 5/8 x 7 1/2 x 3 5/8 in)
Geography
India, Khajuraho region, Madhya Pradesh state
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1993.11
On View Location
Freer Gallery 02: Body Image: Arts of the Indian Subcontinent
Classification(s)
Metalwork, Sculpture
Type

Shrine

Keywords
casting, flower, India, Parshvanatha, Robert Hatfield Ellsworth collection, shrine, WWII-era provenance
Provenance
Provenance research underway.
Label

Jainism is a religion that was promulgated by Mahavira, an elder contemporary of the Buddha. While similar in many ways to Buddhism, the Jain faith lays greater stress on austerity and self-denial. Mahavira is known as a jina, meaning victor, and Jains believe he is the last in a line of twenty-four. This altarpiece features the entire group of spiritual leaders, some seated and others standing around a central jina--perhaps Neminatha, whose emblem is the conch shell.  Wealthy Jains built temples; others commissioned bronze altar pieces such as this one, for donation to temples or home use. An inscription on the reverse states that this piece was dedicated in the year 1097 by a devotee named Sri Prasannachandra.

Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.