Jain shrine of Parshvanatha

Historical period(s)
1097
Medium
Copper alloy
Dimensions
H x W x D: 29.5 x 19.1 x 9.2 cm (11 5/8 x 7 1/2 x 3 5/8 in)
Geography
India, Khajuraho region, Madhya Pradesh state
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1993.11
On View Location
Freer Gallery 02: Body Image: Arts of the Indian Subcontinent
Classification(s)
Metalwork, Sculpture
Type

Shrine

Keywords
casting, flower, India, Parshvanatha, Robert Hatfield Ellsworth collection, shrine, WWII-era provenance
Provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable
Label

Jainism is a religion that was promulgated by Mahavira, an elder contemporary of the Buddha. While similar in many ways to Buddhism, the Jain faith lays greater stress on austerity and self-denial. Mahavira is known as a jina, meaning victor, and Jains believe he is the last in a line of twenty-four. This altarpiece features the entire group of spiritual leaders, some seated and others standing around a central jina--perhaps Neminatha, whose emblem is the conch shell. Wealthy Jains built temples; others commissioned bronze altar pieces such as this one, for donation to temples or home use. An inscription on the reverse states that this piece was dedicated in the year 1097 by a devotee named Sri Prasannachandra.

Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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