The Parrot Addresses Khojasta from the Tutinama

Historical period(s)
Mughal dynasty, Reign of Akbar, ca. 1565-1570
Mughal Court
Mughal School
Opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper
H x W (painting recto): 9.6 × 10.1 cm (3 3/4 × 4 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Album, Painting

Album leaf with painting

India, Mughal dynasty (1526 - 1858), parrot, Reign of Akbar (1556 - 1605), WWII-era provenance

To 1959
The Estate of the Honorable Breckenridge Long, Laurel, Maryland, to 1959 [1]

From 1959
Unidentified buyer, purchased at auction, William D. Morley, Inc., Philadelphia, October 7, 1959, lot no. 2303 [2]

Edwin Binney, 3rd, Brookline, MA [3]

William K. Ehrenfeld (died 2005), San Francisco [4]

From 1991
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased at auction, Sotheby's, New York, October 28, 1991, lot no. 2 [5]


[1] According to Curatorial Note 6, Milo C. Beach, November 1991, in the object record.

[2] See note 1.

[3] See Indian Miniature Painting from the Collections of Edwin Binney, 3rd: I. The Mughal and Deccani Schools (Portland Art Museum, 1973), no. 12a (according to Curatorial Note 6, Milo C. Beach, November 1991, in the object record).

[4] See Daniel J. Ehnbom, Indian Miniatures - The Ehrenfeld Collection (Hudson Hills Press, 1985) (according to Curatorial Note 6, Milo C. Beach, November 1991, in object record).

[5] See Curatorial Note 6, Milo C. Beach, November 1991, in object record.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Sotheby's (New York)
Hon. Breckenridge Long
Edwin Binney 3rd
Dr. William K. Ehrenfeld 1935-2005


Originally a fourteenth-century Persian tale, the Tutinama (Tales of a Parrot) consists of fifty-two stories that a parrot tells his mistress, Khojasta, to detain her from leaving home to meet with a lover during her husband's absence. The Persian text on this page identifies it as the forty-fifth story; the parrot tells Khojasta about a cunning snake, thereby advising his mistress to avoid deception. This page comes from an illustrated copy of the text attributed to the patronage of the Mughal emperor Akbar.

Published References
  • Portland Museum of Art. Indian Miniature Paintings from the Collection of Edwin Binney, 3rd. Portland. cat. nos. 12a-d.
  • D.J. Ehnbom. Indian Miniatures: The Ehrenfeld Collection. New York. cat. 5.
  • Pramod Chandra. The Cleveland Tuti-nama Manuscript and the Origins of Mughal Painting. Chicago. .
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court., 2nd. Washington and Ahmedabad, India, 2012. cat. 5, p. 52.
  • Anand Krishna. A Reassessment of the Tuti-Nama Illustrations in the Cleveland Museum of Art (and Related Problems on Early Mughal Painting and Painters). vol. 35 Washington and Zurich, 1973. pp. 241-68.
  • Tales of a Parrot: The Cleveland Museum of Art's Tuti-Nama. Cleveland. pp. 277-81.
  • John Seyller. Overpainting in the Cleveland Tutinama. vol. 52, 3/4 Washington and Zurich. pp. 283-318.
  • Sherman Lee, Pramod Chandra. A Newly Discovered Tuti-Nama and the Continuity of the Indian Tradition of Manuscript Painting. no. 105 London, December 1963. pp. 547-554.
Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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