Jar, Banshan or Machang type ware

Historical period(s)
Neolithic period, ca. 2000 BCE
Medium
Earthenware clay, iron and manganese pigments
Style
Banshan or Machang type ware
Dimensions
H x W: 18.4 x 22 cm (7 1/4 x 8 11/16 in)
Geography
China, Gansu province
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1975.13
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceramic, Vessel
Type

Jar

Keywords
Banshan ware, China, earthenware, funerary, iron pigment, Machang ware, Neolithic period (ca. 7000 - ca. 1700 BCE), WWII-era provenance
Provenance
Provenance information is currently unavailable
Label

By the time these earthenware vessels were made, Chinese potters had been shaping and firing clays for nearly two thousand years, a long-standing expertise reflected in the objects' confident shapes and matching dynamic designs.  Burnished surfaces, like that on the storage urn, indicate special treatment and may reveal the unusual status of their owners.  As many as one hundred such earthenwares have been found in a single tomb, suggesting that Neolithic vessels shared similar functions and status as bronze vessels during the ensuing Bronze Age.

Published References
  • Julia Murray. A Decade of Discovery: Selected Acquisitions 1970-1980. Exh. cat. Washington, 1979. cat. 17, p. 27.
  • Unknown title. vol. 30 New York and Honolulu, 1976-1977. p. 124, fig. 54.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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