Ritual wine vessel (hu)

Historical period(s)
Western Zhou dynasty, late 11th-early 10th century BCE
H x Diam: 24.3 × 15.3 cm (9 9/16 × 6 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Freer Gallery 13: Looking Out, Looking In: Art in Late Imperial China
Metalwork, Vessel

Ritual vessel: hu

animal, casting, China, dragon, mask, Western Zhou dynasty (ca. 1050 - 771 BCE), WWII-era provenance

To 1959
J. T. Tai & Co., New York, New York. [1]

From 1959
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from J. T. Tai & Co., New York, New York. [2]


[1] See object file, Collections Management Office.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s)

J.T. Tai & Co. established in 1950

Published References
  • Shang Chou chin wen shi ch'eng. Multi-volume, Taipei. no. 5911-12, vol. 6.
  • Sueji Umehara. (Obei shucho) Shina kodo seika (Selected Relics of Ancient Chinese Bronzes from Collections in Europe and America). 7 vols., Kyoto and Osaka, 1933-1935. vol. 2, pl. 134.
  • Thomas Lawton. A Chinese Bronze Vessel Reconsidered. vol. 4, no. 2 Taipei, Winter 1986. .
  • Bernhard Karlgren. New Studies on Chinese Bronzes. vol. 9 Stockholm. cat. 592, pl. XVII.
  • American Association of Museums. Museum News. vol. 38, no. 10 Washington, June 1960. p. 3.
  • Bo Ju Gui: An important Chinese archaic bronze. Exh. cat. London. p. 17, fig. 6.
  • Liao-ning shing Ko-tso hsien Shan-wan-tzu ch'u-t'u Yin Chou ch'ing-t'ung ch'i. no. 12. pp. 24, 32, fig. 3, 52.
  • Cheung Kwong-yue. Wei-tso hsien Ch'in i-ch'i ming-wen shu-yao. p. 76.
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Rutherford John Gettens, James Cahill, Noel Barnard. The Freer Chinese Bronzes. Oriental Studies Series, vol. 1, no. 7 Washington. cat. 74, pp. 412-217.
  • Jessica Rawson. Western Zhou Ritual Bronzes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections. Ancient Chinese Bronzes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections, vol. 2 Washington and Cambridge, Massachusetts. p. 493, fig. 67.5.
  • Chin wen tsung chi. Taipei. pp. 2926-2927.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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