Dish with enamel decoration

Historical period(s)
Jin dynasty, 13th century
Stoneware with white slip under colorless transparent glaze, enamels over glaze
Cizhou ware
H x W: 3.2 x 12.9 cm (1 1/4 x 5 1/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Ceramic, Vessel


China, chrysanthemum, Cizhou ware, Jin dynasty (1115 - 1234), stoneware

To 1956
Howard Hollis & Company, Cleveland, Ohio. [1]

From 1956
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Howard Hollis & Company, Cleveland, Ohio. [2]


[1] Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Howard Hollis and Company


This dish represents a technical breakthrough achieved by Cizhou potters around 1200.  Hitherto it had not been possible to combine the high-fired stoneware with bright decorative colors, which are best produced from low-fired glazes fluxed with lead.  The potters devised the method whereby the slipped stoneware covered with a transparent colorless glaze was fired to the normal high temperature, and the polychrome lead-glazed design painted on top of the glaze afterwards.  The piece was fired a second time to a lower temperature, sufficient to fuse the lead glaze to the prefired dish.  This technique assumed the utmost importance during the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties.

Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.