Twelve flowers and poems

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Artist: Xu Wei 徐渭 (1521-1593)
Historical period(s)
Ming dynasty, 16th century
Ink on paper
H x W (image): 32.8 x 544 cm (12 15/16 x 214 3/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view


China, chrysanthemum, flower, hibiscus, lotus, Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644), orchid, peony, WWII-era provenance
Provenance research underway.
Published References
  • "明畫全集.第十卷第三册.徐渭." The Complete Works of Ming Dynasty . Volume 10, Number 3. Xu Wei. vol. 10, Number 3. Xu Wei, Hangzhou, China. pgs. 166-197, fig. 8.
  • Suzuki Kei. Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku [Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Painting]. 5 vols., Tokyo, 1982-1983. vol. 1: pp. 216-217.
  • Constance Bond. Body and Face in Chinese Visual Culture. Harvard East Asian Monographs, no. 239 Cambridge, Massachusetts. .
  • Richard M. Barnhart. Peach Blossom Spring: Gardens and Flowers in Chinese Paintings. Exh. cat. New York. fig. 6.
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Thomas Lawton, Harold P. Stern. The Freer Gallery of Art. 2 vols., Washington and Tokyo, 1971-1972. cat. 69, vol. 1: p. 169.
  • Mark Tobey: Tobey or not to be? Exh. cat. Paris, France, November 5, 2020. p. 29, fig. 6.
  • Francois Cheng. Toute beaute est singuliere: peintres chinois de la Voie excentrique. Paris. p. 30.
  • Masterpieces of Chinese and Japanese Art: Freer Gallery of Art handbook. Washington, 1976. p. 56.
  • Calendar of Exhibitions. vol. 16, no. 5 Hong Kong, May 1985. p. 59.
  • Maggie Bickford. Bones of Jade, Soul of Ice: The Flowering Plum in Chinese Art. Exh. cat. New Yaven, Connecticut. p. 105.
  • James Cahill. Chinese Painting. Treasures of Asia Geneva and Cleveland. p. 154.
  • Peter C. Swann. Art of China, Korea, and Japan. New York. p. 182, fig. 174.
  • Fu Shen, Jan Stuart. Challenging the Past: The Paintings of Chang Dai-Chien. Exh. cat. Washington and Seattle. p. 222, fig. 105.
  • Betty Ecke. A Study on Hsu Wei. vol. 5 Washington and Ann Arbor, 1963. pp. 243-254, pls. 4, 6, 8.
  • Hans Hertel, Bodil Bierring. Verdens Litteratur Historie. 7 vols., Oslo. p. 375.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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