Tilling Rice, after Lou Shou

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Artist: Attributed to Cheng Qi (傳)程棨 (active mid- to late 13th century) Formerly attributed to Liu Songnian (傳)劉松年 (ca. 1150-after 1225)
Historical period(s)
Yuan dynasty, mid- to late 13th century
Ink and color on paper
H x W (image): 32.7 x 1049.8 cm (12 7/8 x 413 5/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view


China, farming, rice, Yuan dynasty (1279 - 1368)
Provenance research underway.

To learn more about this and similar objects, visit http://www.asia.si.edu/SongYuan/default.asp Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy.

Published References
  • Thomas Lawton. "画中人 上海书画出版社." Chinese Figure Painting. Shanghai, China. .
  • Roslyn Lee Hammers. Pictures of Tilling and Weaving. .
  • Suzuki Kei. Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku [Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Painting]. 5 vols., Tokyo, 1982-1983. vol. 1: pp. 228-31.
  • Marilyn Fu. Hsien-yu Shu's Calligraphy and His "Admonitions" Scroll of 1299. 3 vols. Ann Arbor. pl. 47d.
  • Eco-Art History in East and Southeast Asia. Cambridge Scholars United Kingdom, 2019. p. 3, fig. 1-1.
  • Thomas Lawton. Chinese Figure Painting. Exh. cat. Washington, 1973. cat. 7, pp. 54-57.
  • Chiang Wen-kuang. A Discussion of the Ch'ing Dynasty Stone-Engraved Versian of Lou Shu's "Rice Culture" and "Sericulture" Scrolls. no. 3, 1979. pp. 61-63, pl. 6.
  • Dr. Klaus Zwerger. Cereal Drying Racks: Culture and Typology of Wood Buildings in Europe and East Asia. Basel, Switzerland, September 21, 2020. p. 65, fig. 53.
  • Mémoires Concernant l'Asie Orientale, Inde, Asie Centrale, Extréme-Orient. 3 vols., Paris. pp. 65-122, pls. 10-31.
  • Ellen Mae Johnston Laing. Ch'ing Dynasty Pictorial Jades and Painting. vol. 16 Washington and Ann Arbor. p. 73.
  • Liu Hsing-chen. Concerning the Whereabouts of Ch'eng Ch'i's Copy of the Paintings of Rice Culture and Sericulture. no. p. pp. 92-93.
  • Roger V. Des Forges, John S. Major. The Asian World 600-1500. Medieval and Early Modern World New York. p. 118.
  • Tang's Hall of Precious: The Durwin Tang Collection of Chinese Jades. Hong Kong, November 2018. p. 181.
  • Jacques Dars. Au gre d'humeurs oisives: Les Carnets Secrets de Li Yu, Un Art du Bonheur en Chine. Arles. p. 202.
  • W.J. Duiker, J.J. Spielvogel. The Essential World History., 2nd ed. p. 253.
  • Peoples and Places of the Past: The National Geographic Illustrated Cultural Atlas of the Ancient World. Washington. p. 258.
  • McDougal Littel World Literature. p. 424.
  • Chang Wen-chi. Shih-ch'u pao-chi ch'u-pien. Hong Kong. pp. 3881-3887.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy
Google Cultural Institute
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