The Sumbission of Bairam Khan [left half] from an Akbarnama

Artist: Attributed to Hiranand
Historical period(s)
Mughal dynasty, Reign of Akbar, ca. 1596-1600
Mughal Court
Mughal School
Opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper
H x W: 21.6 x 12.2 cm (8 1/2 x 4 13/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Manuscript folio

drum, fiddle, hunting, India, landscape, Mughal dynasty (1526 - 1858), nasta'liq script, Reign of Akbar (1556 - 1605), WWII-era provenance

To 1952
Dikran G. Kelekian, Inc., New York to 1952 [1]

From 1952
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Dikran G. Kelekian, Inc. in 1952 [2]


[1] See Freer Gallery or Art Purchase List after 1920, Collections Management Office.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s)

Dikran G. Kelekian, Inc.


This illustration was originally intended for a copy of an Akbarnama, the memoirs of the emperor Akbar (reigned 1555-1605). As often happened, the paintings were at some point removed from the book and dispersed. This painting, amongst the artist Hiranand's finest works, shows his penchant for large, long faces on the main portraits and only minimal modeling and facial differentiation on the minor figures. 

Published References
  • Rudolf Meyer Riefstahl. Catalog of an Exhibition of Persian and Indian Miniature Paintings forming the Private Collection of Dikran Khan Kelekian. Exh. cat. New York. cat. 93, p. 33.
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court., 2nd. Washington and Ahmedabad, India, 2012. cat. 10C, pp. 72-3.
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court. Exh. cat. Washington, 1981. cat. 12f, pp. 116-118.
Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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