Page from the St. Petersburg album

Maker(s)
Calligrapher: Imad al-Hasani (died 1615)
Borders: Muhammad Hadi (Iranian, active mid-18th century)
Historical period(s)
Mughal dynasty, calligraphy early 17th century, margins 1755-56
Movement
Mughal Court
School
Mughal School
Medium
Opaque watercolor, ink, and gold on paper
Dimensions
H x W: 30.7 x 19.5 cm (12 1/16 x 7 11/16 in)
Geography
India
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1942.15b
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Album, Calligraphy
Type

Album leaf with calligraphy

Keywords
illumination, India, Mughal dynasty (1526 - 1858), nasta'liq script, WWII-era provenance
Provenance
Provenance research underway.
Published References
  • Richard Ettinghausen. The Emperor's Choice., reprint. New York. pl. 27.
  • Richard Ettinghausen. Paintings of the Sultans and Emperors of India in American Collections. Lalit Kala Series of Indian Art New Delhi. pl. 14.
  • Annemarie Schimmel. Stern und Blume: die Bilderwelt der Persischen Poesie. Sammlung Harrassowitz Wiesbaden. p. 3.
  • Pauline C.M. Scheurleer. Mongol-miniaturen door Rembrandt nagetekend. De Kronisk van het Rembrandthuis Amsterdam. p. 19.
  • Pierre-Jacques Charliat. Le Temps des Grands Voliers. Histoire Universal e des Explorations Paris. p. 25.
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court. Exh. cat. Washington, 1981. cat. 17, pp. 27,79, 168-9.
  • A. T. Adamova. Mediaeval Persian Painting: The Evolution of an Artistic Vision. Biennial Ehsan Yarshater Lecture Series, no. 3 New York. p. 83.
  • Mario Bussagli. Indian Miniatures. London and New York. p. 113, pl. 51.
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court., 2nd. Washington and Ahmedabad, India, 2012. cat. 22C, pp. 126-8.
  • Sherman Lee. A History of Far Eastern Art. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 1964. p. 191, fig. 15.
  • Emma Devapriam. The Influence of Western Art on Mughal Painting. Ann Arbor. p. 284.
  • Sheila Blair, Jonathan M. Bloom. The Art and Architecture of Islam, 1250-1800. Yale University Press Pelican History of Art London. p. 295, fig. 372.
  • Geoffrey Parker. The World: An Illustrated History. London. p. 313.
  • Edwards Park. Treasures from the Smithsonian Institution., 1st ed. Washington and New York. p. 351.
  • Hermann Goetz. Review of Richard Ettinghausen's "Paintings of the Sultans and Emperors of India in American Collections". 60. pp. 400-402.
  • Richard Ettinghausen. Islamic Art and Archaeology: Collected Papers. Berlin. pp. 479, 665.
Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.

Related Objects