Reportedly excavated in Anyang, Henan province, China 
From 1940 to 1941
C. T. Loo & Company, New York from November 1940 
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from C. T. Loo & Company on March 20, 1941 
 According to John Lodge's curatorial remark, dated 1941, in object file.
 See C. T. Loo's stockcard no. 86949: "One grayish jade hatchet with a bronze handle with guard decorated in mosaic of turquoise inlay with mask designs. SHANG," C. T. Loo & Frank Caro Archive, Musée Guimet, Paris, copy in object file. The object was brought to the Freer Gallery for examination on November 13, 1940.
 See C. T. Loo's invoice, dated March 20, 1941, copy in object file.
- Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)
C.T. Loo & Company 1914-1948
A ceremonial implement: The blade of mottled gray brown and white nephrite mounted in bronze closely inlaid with turquoise (four tiny bits missing); socket for vertical shafting; scattered malachite incrustations.
Possibly inspired by a functional chisel or small spade, this ceremonial tool has a jade blade that is fitted into a shallow slot at the base of the bronze handle. Corrosion extending from the bronze onto the jade surface proves these two parts have been together since antiquity. The turquoise inlay is almost completely intact, another indication this ornate chisel has changed very little over several millennia.
- Published References
- J. Keith Wilson, Jingmin Zhang. Jades for Life and Death. .
- Geoffrey WIlls. Jade of the East., 1st ed. New York, 1972. fig. 28.
- Sueji Umehara. Yin hsu: Ancient Capital of the Shang Dynasty at An-yang. Tokyo. pl. 37 (1).
- Sekai bijutsu zenshu [A Complete Collection of World Art]. 40 vols., Tokyo, F1951-1953. cat. 84, vol. 2.
- Cheng Te-k'un. Archaeology in China. 3 vols., Cambridge, England. vol. 2: pl. 35c.
- Dagny Carter. Four Thousand Years of China's Art. New York. p. 19, a.
- Rene Grousset. Chinese Art and Culture. New York. p. 22.
- Joe Dan Lowry, Joe P. Lowry. Turquoise: The World Story of a Fascinating Gemstone. Layton, Utah. p. 26.
- Charles Patrick Fitzgerald. The Horizon History of China. New York. p. 53.
- Na Chih-liang. "玉器通史." Yu ch'i t'ung shih [A General Study of Chinese Jade]. Hong Kong, 1965. p. 77, fig. 103.
- Compiled by the staff of the Freer Gallery of Art. A Descriptive and Illustrative Catalogue of Chinese Bronzes: Acquired During the Administration of John Ellerton Lodge. Oriental Studies Series, no. 3 Washington, 1946. p. 89, pl. 43.
- Collection Area(s)
- Chinese Art
- Web Resources
- Jades for Life and Death
- Google Cultural Institute
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