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Artist: Formerly attributed to Wen Zhengming 文徵明 (1470-1559)
Historical period(s)
Ming dynasty, first-half 17th century
Ink on paper
H x W (image): 31.4 x 290.3 cm (12 3/8 x 114 5/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view


China, landscape, Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644)

From 1856
Huang Fang (active 1835-1864), China [1]

Yu Liansan (1841-1912), China [2]

Zhang Ruiting (1878-1944), China [3]

From at least 1939
C. T. Loo & Company, New York, from at least January 31, 1939 [4]

From 1939
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from C. T. Loo & Company on November 30, 1939 [5]


[1] Four Huang Fang’s collector seals are located on the painting.

[2] Two Yu Liansan’s collector seals are located on the painting.

[3] Three Zhang Ruiting’s collector seals are located on the painting. Two inscriptions on the painting’s box read: “Treasure from the collection of Master Zhang.”

[4] The painting figures on “List of objects owned by C. T. Loo [and brought to] the Gallery for examination,” annotated with information that it was left at the Freer Gallery by Frank Caro on January 31, 1939, copy in object file.

[5] See C. T. Loo’s invoice, dated November 30, 1939, copy in object file.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Huang Fang
Yu Liansan 1841-1912
Zhang Ruiting 1878-1944
C.T. Loo & Company 1914-1948

Published References
  • Hugo Munsterberg. The Landscape Painting of China and Japan., 1st ed. Rutland, Vermont. pl. 60.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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