Palace Ladies Playing Double Sixes

View right to left

Maker(s)
Artist: Traditionally attributed to Zhou Fang (傳)周昉 (ca. 730-ca. 800)
Calligrapher: Chu Deyi 褚德彝 , frontispiece and colophon (1871-1942)
Historical period(s)
Southern Song dynasty, late 12th to mid-13th century
Medium
Ink and color on silk
Dimensions
H x W (overall image): 30.5 x 69.1 cm (12 x 27 3/16 in)
Geography
China
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Accession Number
F1939.37
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Painting
Type

Handscroll

Keywords
China, game playing, Song dynasty (960 - 1279), Southern Song dynasty (1127 - 1279), WWII-era provenance
Provenance

1938
Mr. Lee, from at least May 25, 1938 [1]

From 1938 to 1939
C.T. Loo & Company, New York, purchased from Mr. Lee on May 25, 1938 [2]

From 1939
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from C.T. Loo & Company in July 1939 [3]

Notes:

[1] See C. T. Loo’s stockcard no. F417: “Painting on silk ‘Ladies at Chess Play’ 9th century, attributed to Chow Fang. Tang dynasty,” Frank Caro Archive, Institute of Fine Arts, New York University, copy in object file. According to a note on the stockcard, the painting was brought to Loo’s gallery by “Mr. Lee” on May 25, 1938. It is not known whether Lee was the owner of the painting or acted as an intermediary.

[2] See C. T. Loo’s stockcard, cited in note 1. In June 1938, the painting was sent to the Freer Gallery for examination.

[3] See C. T. Loo’s invoice, dated July 6, 1939, copy in object file. According to Loo’s stockcard cited in note 1, the purchase was made in January 1939. The right-hand section of the painting with two standing figures was acquired by the Freer Gallery in 1960 and then reattached to the painting. It is not known when the fragment had been cut. The colophon by Chu Deyi on the main section of the painting, dated July 8-August 5, 1937, refers to a complete copy of the scroll in the National Palace Museum, Taipei and concludes that a section of the painting “was cut away at some point in a distant past.” See documentation for the painting in “Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy,” http://www.asia.si.edu/SongYuan/F1939.37/F1939-37andF1960-4.Documentation.pdf. For information on the acquisition of the right-hand section of the painting by the Freer Gallery, see provenance record F1960.4.

Previous Owner(s)

Mr. Lee
C.T. Loo & Company 1914 - 1948

Label

To learn more about this and similar objects, visit http://www.asia.si.edu/SongYuan/default.asp Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy.

Published References
  • Thomas Lawton. "画中人 上海书画出版社." Chinese Figure Painting. Shanghai, China. .
  • Nancy Shatzman Steinhardt. Chinese Ladies in the Istanbul Albums. no. 1. fig. 145.
  • Jerome Silbergeld. Chinese Painting Style: Media, Methods, and Principles of Form. Seattle, WA. fig. 15.
  • Laurence Sickman Alexander Coburn Soper. The Art and Architecture of China. The Pelican History of Art London and Baltimore. pl. 72a.
  • Regina L. Shoolman Charles E. Slatkin. The Enjoyment of Art in America: A Survey of the Permanent Collections of Painting, Sculpture, Ceramics & Decorative Arts in American and Canadian Museums: Being an Introduction to the Masterpieces of Art from Prehistoric to Modern Times. Philadelphia and New York. pl. 152.
  • Hugo Munsterberg. A Short History of Chinese Art. New York, 1949. pl. 31.
  • Max Loehr. The Great Painters of China. Icon Editions, 1st U.S. edition. Oxford. fig. 29.
  • Lawrence S. Cunningham John J. Reich. Culture and Values: A Survey of the Humanities. 6th edition, Belmont, CA. fig. 5.15.
  • Ellen Mae Johnston Laing. Scholars and Sages: A Study in Chinese Figure Paintings. Ann Arbor, 1967-1986. .
  • Hsieh Chih-liu. T'ang wu Tsi Sung Yuan ming chi (Noted Paintings of the T'ang, Five Dynasties, Sung and Yuan periods). Shanghai. pl. 9.
  • Jacques Gernet. Daily Life in China on the Eve of the Mongol Invasion, 1250-1276. Daily Life Series; 7 London. pl. 10.
  • Michel Beurdeley. Chinese Furniture., 1st ed. Tokyo and New York. fig. 25.
  • Michel Beurdeley. L'amateur chinois des Han au XXe siecle. Aspects de l'art Fribourg. fig. 19.
  • Song Dynasty Paintings Project. multi-volumed, . .
  • Mary Ellen Hayward. The Influence of the Classical Oriental Tradition. vol. 14, no. 2 Chicago, Summer 1979. fig. 2.
  • Grace Dunham Guest Archibald Gibson Wenley. Annotated Outlines of the History of Chinese Arts. Washington, 1949. p. 11.
  • Osvald Siren. Chinese Painting: Leading Masters and Principles. 7 vols., New York and London, 1956-1958. p. 17, pl. 109.
  • James Cahill. Chinese Painting. Treasures of Asia Geneva and Cleveland. p. 22.
  • James Cahill. The Return of the Absent Servant: Chou Fang's Double Sixes Restored. vol. 15 Honolulu. pp. 26-28, figs. 1, 2.
  • Peter C. Swann. Chinese Painting. Paris. p. 45.
  • Simonetta De Vries. Recent Oriental Acquisitions by Museums. vol. 12, no. 2 New York, February 1940. p. 45.
  • Masterpieces of Chinese and Japanese Art: Freer Gallery of Art handbook. Washington, 1976. p. 45.
  • Peter C. Swann. Art of China, Korea, and Japan. New York. p. 107, fig. 93.
  • James Cahill. The Compelling Image: Nature and Style in Seventeenth Century Chinese Painting. The Charles Eliot Norton Lectures Cambridge, MA. p. 113.
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Thomas Lawton, Harold P. Stern. The Freer Gallery of Art. 2 vols., Washington and Tokyo, 1971-1972. cat. 36, p. 156-8.
  • Charles Patrick Fitzgerald. The Horizon History of China. New York. p. 158.
  • Thomas Lawton. Chinese Figure Painting. Exh. cat. Washington, 1973. cat. 51, pp. 200-203.
  • Suzuki Kei. Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku (Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Painting). 5 vols., Tokyo, 1982-1983. p. 205.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage conditions apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

Related Objects