Folio from a Qur’an, sura 54:13-23

Detached folio from a dispersed copy of the Qur’an; recto: Sura al-Qamar (the Moon) 54: part of 13-18, recto begins with “dhati”; verso: sura 54:18-22 and part of 23, verso begins with “‘adhabi”; Arabic in black “eastern kufic (New Style)” script; illuminated verse markers; marginal medallions containing the word “ashrun” (twenty), and the word “Khams” (five); vocalized in red, tashdid and sukun in blue; one column; 4 lines of text; one of a group of 2 folios.

Historical period(s)
993 (383 A.H.)
Medium
Ink, color and gold on paper
Dimensions
H x W: 24 x 34 cm (9 7/16 x 13 3/8 in)
Geography
Iran
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1937.33
On View Location
Freer Gallery 03: Engaging the Senses: Art in the Islamic World
Classification(s)
Manuscript
Type

Manuscript folio

Keywords
eastern kufic script, illumination, Iran, Islam, Qur'an, sura 54, WWII-era provenance
Provenance

To 1937
Kirkor Minassian (1874-1944), New York. [1]

From 1937
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Kirkor Minassian, New York. [2]

Notes:

[1] Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s)

Kirkor Minassian 1874-1944

Description

Detached folio from a dispersed copy of the Qur'an; recto: Sura al-Qamar (the Moon) 54: part of 13-18, recto begins with "dhati"; verso: sura 54:18-22 and part of 23, verso begins with "'adhabi"; Arabic in black "eastern kufic (New Style)" script; illuminated verse markers; marginal medallions containing the word "ashrun" (twenty), and the word "Khams" (five); vocalized in red, tashdid and sukun in blue; one column; 4 lines of text; one of a group of 2 folios.

Published References
  • Francois Deroche. The Abbasid Tradition: Qurans of the 8th to the 10th Centuries AD. Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Islamic Art New York. cat. 83.
  • Smithsonian Institution. Report of the Secretary for the Year Ended June 30, 1937. Washington. p. 44, pl. 2.
  • Richard Ettinghausen. The Arts of Iran at the Time of Avicenna: Société iranienne pour la conservation des monuments nationaux. vol. 4, Tehran. pp. 132-138, fig. 20.
  • Eric Schroeder. What Was the Badi Script? Manuscripts in the Boston Museum of Fine Arts. vol. 4 Ann Arbor. pp. 232-248.
  • Richard Ettinghausen. Islamic Art and Archaeology: Collected Papers. Berlin. p. 912.
Collection Area(s)
Arts of the Islamic World
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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