Straight chisel (gui 圭)

Ceremonial implement; one complete perforation and a partial perforation on each side; color: deep cream and soft light brown, with a few streaks of darker brown.

Acquired with a box, whose cover was inscribed by Yuan Lizhun 袁勵準 (1877–1935).

Maker(s)
Calligrapher: Box cover inscribed by Yuan Lizhun 袁勵準 (1875-1936)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 5000-ca. 1700 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
H x W x D: 17.9 x 4.2 x 1.4 cm (7 1/16 x 1 5/8 x 9/16 in)
Geography
Northwest China
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1935.7a-d
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object: chisel

Keywords
China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite, WWII-era provenance
Provenance

Huang Jun (1888–1944), Beijing [1]

From at least 1934 to 1935
C. T. Loo & Company, New York from at least December 1, 1934 [2]

From 1935
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from C. T. Loo & Company, New York on February 2, 1935 [3]

Notes:

[1] Huang Jun, Guyu tulu chuji vol. 1, Beijing: Zunguzhai, 1939, pp. 6a b (ill.). The inscribed box cover published on p. 6b states that the jade had been acquired recently by Baichuan (a sobriquet for Huang Jun); the text was written by Yuan Lizhun (1877–1935).

[2] See "List of objects owned by C. T. Loo, New York and [left by him] at the Gallery for examination on December 1, 1934"; copy in object file.

[3] See C. T. Loo's invoice dated February 2, 1935; copy in object file.

Previous Owner(s)

Huang Jun 1888-1944
C.T. Loo & Company 1914-1948

Description

Ceremonial implement; one complete perforation and a partial perforation on each side; color: deep cream and soft light brown, with a few streaks of darker brown.

Acquired with a box, whose cover was inscribed by Yuan Lizhun 袁勵準 (1877–1935).

Published References
  • Yin-hsu Fu-Fao mu. Beijing, 1980. pl. 20.
  • Benjamin Rowland, Laurence Sickman, H. G. Henderson, Robert Treat Paine, Richard Ettinghausen, Eric Schroeder. The University Prints. Oriental Art Series O 4 vols. Newton, Massachusetts, 1938-1941. Section 2: Early Chinese Art, pl. 107.
  • Huang Jun, Preface written by Fu Zengxiang. "古玉圖錄初集." Guyu tulu chuji [Illustrated Catalogue of Ancient Jades]. vol. 1, Beijing, 1939. pp. 6a-b.
  • Chang Wen-chi. "中国玉器歷代史." Chung-kuo yu ch'i li tai shih. Hong Kong, 1978. p. 87.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.

Related Objects