From at least 1912-at least 1926
Fredrik Robert Martin (1868-1933), purchased from unidentified dealer in Constantinople 
Ownership information unknown
From at least 1931-1932
Jacob Hirsch, Ph.D., New York, method of acquisition unknown 
The Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Dr. Jacob Hirsch, New York 
 See “Miniatures from the Period of Timur in Manuscripts of the Poems of Sultan Ahmad Jalair” [book] (Vienna: printed for the author, 1926), p. 13, pl. VI. See also p. 27, where Martin recounts buying the manuscript in Constantinople in November 1912. It is unclear when, or to whom, he sold it. Martin was a Swedish diplomat, scholar, collector, art historian and author; he documented his journeys in numerous books.
 See Laurence Binyon, J.V.S. Wilkinson and Basil Grey, “Persian Miniature Painting: Including a Critical Descriptive catalogue of the Miniatures Exhibited at Burlington House, January-March, 1931” [book] (London: Oxford University Press, 1933), p. 63 no. 36. The manuscript is “Lent by Jacob Hirsch, Geneva”, and “The last eight pages have the borders filled with line drawings and touched with gold and light colour. (These were shown separately at the Exhibition, mounted and framed.)”. Dr. Jacob Hirsch (1874-1955) was a collector of coins, medals, and classical art, as well as a dealer of archaeological objects, with galleries in New York, Switzerland, and Paris. See purchase file F1932.29 for J.E. Lodge letter to Dr. J. Hirsch dated April 9, 1932, wherein Lodge writes that he would come to New York to see the manuscript, implying it is already in the U.S. See also January 4, 1932 letter from M. Aga-Oglu, of the Detroit Institute of Arts, to Dr. Hirsch, noting that he had studied the manuscript and was enclosing it, with the miniatures, for return to Hirsch.
 The Freer Gallery of Art paid Dr. Jacob Hirsch in installments, the first on August 1, 1932, and the last on July 3, 1933, and marked approved on June 28, 1932. See object file for copy of invoices.
Research completed December 16, 2022
- Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)
Fredrik Robert Martin 1868-1933
Dr. Jacob Hirsch 1874?-1955
- Published References
- Freer Gallery of Art. Gallery Book III: Exhibition of September 5, 1933. Washington, September 5, 1933. .
- Great Drawings of All Time. 4 vols., New York. pl. 868.
- Ernst Grube. The Problem of the Istanbul Album Paintings. vol. 1. .
- Dr. Esin Atil. Exhibition of 2500 Years of Persian Art. Exh. cat. Washington, 1971. cat. 7, pp. 1-3.
- Tomoko Masuya. Illuminations for the Divan of Sultan Ahmad Jalayir. vol. 1428 Tokyo, 2014. p. 5, pl. 1.
- Fredrik Robert Martin, Sir Thomas W. Arnold. Miniatures from the Period of Timur: In an MS. of the Poems of Sultan Ahmad Jalair. Vienna. p. 13, pl. 6.
- Dr. Esin Atil. The Brush of the Masters: Drawings from Iran and India. Exh. cat. Washington, 1978. cat. 5-6, pp. 24-26.
- Ernst Grube. Persian Painting in the Fourteenth Century: A Research Report. Supplemento agli Annali-Instituto Orientale di Napoli, no. 17 Naples. p. 42, fig. 68.
- Deborah E. Klimberg Salter. A Sufi Theme in Persian Painting: The Diwan of Sultan Ahmad Gala in the Freer Gallery of Art. vol. 11 Wiesbaden, 1976-1977. pp. 43-84, fig. 7.
- A. T. Adamova. Mediaeval Persian Painting: The Evolution of an Artistic Vision. Biennial Ehsan Yarshater Lecture Series, no. 3 New York. p. 57.
- A.M. Kevorkian. Les Jardins du Desir: Sept Siecles de Peinture Persane. Paris. pp. 88-89.
- Barbara Brend. Islamic Art. London. pp. 145, 147, fig. 88.
- Anna F. Broadbridge. Kingship and Ideology in the Islamic and Mongol Worlds. Cambridge Studies in Islamic Civilization Cambridge, United Kingdom and New York. p. 158, fig. 8.
- Eleanor Sims, Boris I. Marshak, Ernst Grube. Peerless Images: Persian Painting and its Sources. New Haven and London. p. 255.
- Collection Area(s)
- Arts of the Islamic World
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
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