Dr. Jacob Hirsch, New York to 1932 
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Dr. Jacob Hirsch, New York in 1932 
 Object file, undated folder sheet note.
 See note 1. Also see Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, Collections Management Office. For further information in connection with this purchase see letter to Dr. Hirsch written by M. Aga-Oglu, January 4, 1932, Letter File (Hirsch).
- Previous Owner(s)
Dr. Jacob Hirsch 1874?-1955
Detached folio from a Divan (Collected poems) by Sultan Ahmad Jalayir; text: Persian in black nasta'liq script, headings in Arabic in red and blue nasta'liq; recto: Pastoral scene, figures in landscape, two columns, 14 lines; verso: text, two columns, 14 lines, 48 lines of marginal text; one of a group of 9: the manuscript, its separated cover (F1932.29), and 7 detached folios (F1932.31-37) are accessioned separately.
Among the Persian manuscripts in the Freer Gallery is a rare volume of poetry written by Sultan Ahmad, the last ruler of the Jalayirid dynasty (Iraq and western Iran, 1336-1410). The sultan's poems concern mystical themes, extolling divine love and praising God the creator. They are set off in this manuscript of the Diwan by eight delicate tinted drawings that seem to grow out from under the text panel and into the margins.
Although these unusual scenes do not directly depict their nearest verses, they do evoke the idea of man's quest for spiritual enlightenment, a theme common to virtually all Persian mystical poetry. This particular scene has been interpreted as the first stage in the spiritual journey in search of Divine wisdom. This work also epitomizes the classical style of Persian painting that began to develop in the second half of the fourteenth century under the auspices of royal patrons such as Sultan Ahmad Jalayirid.
- Published References
- Freer Gallery of Art. Gallery Book III: Exhibition of September 5, 1933. Washington, September 5, 1933. .
- Armenag Sakisian. Persian Drawings I. vol. 69, no. 400 London, July 1936. .
- D. Fairchild Ruggles. Islamic Gardens and Landscapes. Penn Studies in Landscape Architecture Philadelphia. fig. 42.
- Fredrik Robert Martin, Sir Thomas W. Arnold. Miniatures from the Period of Timur: In an MS. of the Poems of Sultan Ahmad Jalair. Vienna. p. 10, pls. 1.
- Tomoko Masuya. Illuminations for the Divan of Sultan Ahmad Jalayir. vol. 1428 Tokyo, 2014. p. 16, fig. 7.
- Dr. Esin Atil. The Brush of the Masters: Drawings from Iran and India. Exh. cat. Washington, 1978. cat. 1, pp. 18-19.
- Sheila Blair, Jonathan M. Bloom. The Art and Architecture of Islam, 1250-1800. Yale University Press Pelican History of Art London. p. 33, fig. 40.
- Deborah E. Klimberg Salter. A Sufi Theme in Persian Painting: The Diwan of Sultan Ahmad Gala in the Freer Gallery of Art. vol. 11 Wiesbaden, 1976-1977. pp. 43-84, fig. 1.
- Sheila R. Canby. Persian Painting. Eastern Art Series London. cat. 26, pp. 47-48.
- Thomas W. Lentz, Glenn D. Lowry. Timur and the Princely Vision: Persian Art and Culture in the Fifteenth Century. Exh. cat. Los Angeles. p. 56, fig. 19.
- Armenag Sakisian. Persian Drawings II. vol. 69, no. 401 London, August 1936. p. 59, pl. 4b.
- Laurence Binyon, J.V.S. Wilkinson, Basil Gray. Persian Miniature Painting: A Descriptive Catalogue of the Miniatures Exhibited at Burlington House, January-March 1931. Exh. cat. Oxford, January - March 1931. p. 63, no. 36, pl. 74.
- Verna Russillo Prentice. A Detached Miniature from the Masnavis of Khwaju Kermani. vol. 27, no. 1, Spring 1981. pp. 64-65, fig. 5.
- Timurid Art and Culture: Iran and Central Asia in the Fifteenth Century. Leiden and New York. pp. 85-87, fig. 11.
- Robert Hillenbrand. The Use of Space in Timurid Painting. vol. 6 Leiden. pp. 85-86, fig. 11.
- Richard Ettinghausen, Ernst Kuhnel. A Survey of Persian Art from Prehistoric Times to the Present. 6 vols., London and New York, 1938 - 1939. pp. 1965, 1988.
- Collection Area(s)
- Arts of the Islamic World
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
- SI Usage Statement
Usage Conditions Apply
CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)
Usage Conditions Apply
Chrome users: right click on icon, select "save link as..."
Internet Explorer users: right click on icon, select "save target as..."
Mozilla Firefox users: right click on icon, select "save link as..."