Cizhou ware bottle with carved-slip (sgraffito) decoration

Historical period(s)
Northern Song dynasty, mid 10th-11th century
Stoneware with white slip under transparent colorless glaze
Cizhou ware
H x W: 39.7 x 20.6 cm (15 5/8 x 8 1/8 in)
China, Henan province, Dengfengxian
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Ceramic, Vessel


China, Cizhou ware, Northern Song dynasty (960 - 1127), stoneware, white slip

Robert W. deForest [1]

Yamanaka and Company, New York 1931 [2]

From 1931
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Yamanaka and Company, New York in 1931 [3]


[1] Object file.

[2] Object file. Also see Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, Collections Management Office.

[3] See note 2.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Robert W. deForest 1848-1931
Yamanaka and Co. 1917 - 1965

Published References
  • William Watson. The Art of Dynastic China. New York, 1981. ill. 648.
  • Oriental Ceramics: The World's Great Collections. 12 vols., Tokyo. vol. 10, pl. 65.
  • Sekai toji zenshu [Catalogue of the World's Ceramics]. 16 vols, Tokyo, 1955-1958. vol. 16: p. 163, fig. 1.
  • Yutaka Mino, Katherine R. Tsiang. Freedom of Clay and Brush Through Seven Centuries in Northern China: Tz'u-Chou Type Wares, 960-1600 A.D. Exh. cat. Bloomington, November 17, 1980 - September 6, 1981. fig. 14.
  • Margaret Medley. The Chinese Potter: A Practical History of Chinese Ceramics. Oxford. pl. 89.
  • Mayuyama Junkichi. Obei shuzo chugoku toji zuroku [Chinese Ceramics in the West]. Tokyo. pl. 37.
  • Hasebe Gakuji. So no jishu-yo [Tz'u chou Ware of Sung]. Toki zenshu, 13 Tokyo. .
  • Hasebe Gakuji. Jisshuyo [Cizhou Ware]. Chugoku no toji, 7 Tokyo. pl. 2.
  • Grace Dunham Guest. Chinese Porcelain at the Freer Gallery of Art. vol. 20, no. 1 Columbus, Ohio, January 1941. fig. 2.
  • Else S. Duncan. The Collector's First Handbook on Antique Chinese Ceramics. Chevy Chase. pl. 1.
  • Warren E. Cox. The Book of Pottery and Porcelain. 2 vols., New York. vol. 1: p. 437, fig. 645.
  • Masterpieces of Chinese and Japanese Art: Freer Gallery of Art handbook. Washington, 1976. .
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Thomas Lawton, Harold P. Stern. The Freer Gallery of Art. 2 vols., Washington and Tokyo, 1971-1972. cat. 96, vol. 1: p. 175.
  • Jan Wirgin. Sung Ceramic Designs. no. 42, Stockholm. pp. 1-272.
  • Grace Dunham Guest, Archibald Gibson Wenley. Annotated Outlines of the History of Chinese Arts. Washington, 1949. p. 9.
  • Mayuyama Junkichi, H. Igaki. Chinese Ceramics in the Freer Gallery of Art. no. 43, October 1956. cat. 43, pp. 31-36, pl. 2.
  • W. Aubrey Cartwright. Guide to Art Museums in the United States: East Coast, Washington to Miami., 1st ed. New York. p. 32, i.
  • Christie's (New York). Christie's (New York) Auction Catalogue, March 18-19, 2009. New York, 2009. p. 54.
  • Fine Chinese Ceramics & Works of Art Including Jades from the Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco, Christie's (New York) March 18-19, 2009. New York, March 18-19, 2009. p. 54, fig. 1.
  • Hasebe Gakuji. So [Song]. Sekai toji zenshu, 12 Tokyo. pp. 110-111, no. 109.
  • Judith Burling, Arthur H. Burling. Chinese Art. New York. p. 185.
  • The Horizon Book of the Arts of China. New York. p. 241.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.