Folio fromKitab fi ma`arifat al-hiyal al-handisaya (The book of knowledge of ingenious mechanical devices) Automata by al-Jazari (d. 1206); recto: A candle clock; verso: text

Detached folio from a dispersed copy of the Kitab fi ma`arifat al-hiyal al-handisaya (The book of knowledge of ingenious mechanical devices), “Automata,” by al-Jazari; text: Arabic in black and red naskh script; recto: illustration and text: A candle clock; verso: text: one column, twenty one lines; one of a group of 8 folios.

Maker(s)
Calligrapher: Farruq ibn Abd al-Latif
Historical period(s)
Mamluk period, 1315 (715 A.H.)
Medium
Ink, opaque watercolor and gold on paper
Dimensions
H x W: 30.8 x 21.9 cm (12 1/8 x 8 5/8 in)
Geography
probably Syria
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1930.71
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Manuscript
Type

Manuscript folio

Keywords
automata, candle, Mamluk period (1250 - 1517), naskh script, Syria
Provenance

To 1930
Hagop Kevorkian (1872-1962), New York to 1930 [1]

From 1930
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Hagop Kevorkian, New York in 1930 [2]

Notes:

[1] Object file, undated folder sheet note. See also Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, Collections Management Office.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s)

Hagop Kevorkian 1872-1962

Description

Detached folio from a dispersed copy of the Kitab fi ma`arifat al-hiyal al-handisaya (The book of knowledge of ingenious mechanical devices), “Automata,” by al-Jazari; text: Arabic in black and red naskh script; recto: illustration and text: A candle clock; verso: text: one column, twenty one lines; one of a group of 8 folios.

Published References
  • Benjamin Rowland, Laurence Sickman, H. G. Henderson, Robert Treat Paine, Richard Ettinghausen, Eric Schroeder. The University Prints. Oriental Art Series O 4 vols. Newton, Massachusetts, 1938-1941. Section 4: Iranian and Islamic Art, pl. 518.
  • Antonio Garcia Jaen. Arte y Artistas Musulmanes. Madrid. pl. 34.
  • Anna Contadini. The Kitab Manafi 'al Hayawan in the Escorial Library. no. 3. p. 43, q.
  • Dr. Esin Atil. Art of the Arab World. Exh. cat. Washington, 1975. cat. 46, p. 105.
  • Ivan Stchoukine. Un Manuscript du Traite d'al-Jazari, sur les Automates du VII siecle de l'Hegire. vol. 6, no. 11 Paris, March 1934. pp. 134-140.
  • The Book of Ingenious Devices [Kitab al-hiyal]. Dordrecht, Holland and Boston. p. 217, pl. 11.
Collection Area(s)
Arts of the Islamic World
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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