Historical period(s)
Northern Qi or Northern Zhou dynasty, 6th century
Medium
Earthenware clay with copper-green lead-silicate glaze
Dimensions
H x W: 60 x 30.2 cm (23 5/8 x 11 7/8 in)
Geography
China
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1930.33
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceramic, Vessel
Type

Jar

Keywords
China, earthenware, lion, Northern Qi dynasty (550 - 577), Northern Zhou dynasty (557 - 581)
Provenance

To 1930
C. T. Loo & Company, New York. [1]

From 1930
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from C. T. Loo & Company, New York. [2]

Notes:

[1] Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s)

C.T. Loo & Company 1914-1948

Label

This long-necked jar belongs to a group of funerary vessels of northern provenance. Unlike Han dynasty lead-glazed burial pieces, it served a Buddhist function. The appliques of monster masks, rosettes and lozenges with beaded borders reflect Central Asian, specifically Khotanese, influence.  The tall, splayed base support, which lends the jar a decidedly more attenuated shape, has parallels in ceramics recently unearthed in China.  The tall neck and trefoil mouth typical of West Asian metal ewers and bottles are unusual features and suggest that foreign metal vessels served as prototypes.

Published References
  • Hai wai i chen [Chinese Art in Overseas Collections]. Taipei, 1985. vol. 3: p. 55.
  • Thomas Dexel. Fruhe Keramik in China: Die Entwicklung der Hauptformen vom Neolithikum bis in die T'ang-Zeit. Braunschweig, Germany. pl. 70a.
  • Warren E. Cox. The Book of Pottery and Porcelain. 2 vols., New York. vol. 1: p. 117, pl. 32.
  • Mrs. Hin-cheung Lovell. Some Northern Chinese Wares of the Sixth and Seventh Centuries. vol. 21, no. 4, Winter 1975. pp. 328-343, fig. 25.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.