Kirkor Minassian, New York to 1929 
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Kirkor Minassian, New York on April 5, 1929 
 Object file, undated folder sheet note.
 See note 1. Also see Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, Collections Management Office.
- Previous Owner(s)
Kirkor Minassian 1874 - 1944
Page of calligraphy; text: Persian and Arabic in white, red, and black ta'liq script set against a blue ground embellished with gold floral motifs; signed by Kamal-al-Din Ikhtiyar al-munshi al-sultani; one of a group of three folios.
Border: The text is set in gold, blue, and black rulings on gold-sprinkled paper.
Written by the poor miserable slave Ikhtiyar, the royal scribe.
This elegant folio is written in a script known as ta`liq or "hanging," notable for its great fluidity, which belies its highly sophisticated and strict rules. The script was particularly favored for copying Persian poetry after the fifteenth century in Iran and India. This example is signed by the celebrated calligrapher Kamal al-din, also known as Vahid al-ayn, or the "one-eyed." A native of Qum in north central Iran, he worked at the court of Shah Tahmasb (reigned 1524-76), the ruler of Safavid Iran and one of the greatest patrons and bibliophiles. The king admired Kamal al-din's style and gave him the title "royal scribe."
- Published References
- Maryam D Ekhtiar. How To Read Islamic Calligraphy. New York, New York. p. 31, fig. 21.
- Collection Area(s)
- Arts of the Islamic World
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
- Rights Statement
Copyright with museum