Disk (bi)

Historical period(s)
Eastern Zhou to Western Han dynasty, 3rd century BCE
Jade (nephrite)
Diam x D: 11 x 0.5 cm (4 5/16 x 3/16 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Ceremonial Object, Jade

Ceremonial object

China, Eastern Zhou dynasty (770 - 221 BCE), nephrite, Western Han dynasty (206 BCE - 9 CE)

Reportedly excavated in Sianfu, Shensi [1]

Duanfang (1861-1911) [2]

To 1919
You Xiaoxi (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai to 1919 [3]

Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi in 1919 [4]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [5]


[1] Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record states: "Formerly in the collection of the Viceroy Tuan Fang, and said to have been excavated in Sianfu, Shensi."

[2] See note 1.

[3] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1411, pg. 332, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[4] See note 3.

[5] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854 - 1919
Duanfang 1861-1911
You Xiaoxi (C.L. Freer source) late 19th-early 20th century

Published References
  • Thomas Lawton. Chinese Art of the Warring States Period: Change and Continuity, 480-222 B.C. Washington, 1982-1983. cat. 124, p. 173.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum