Disk (bi 璧)

Maker(s)
Artist: Liangzhu culture 良渚 (ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 3300-2250 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
Diam x D: 17.6 x 1.1 cm (6 15/16 x 7/16 in)
Geography
China, Lake Tai region, purportedly found at Anxi, Zhejiang province
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1919.20
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object: disk (bi)

Keywords
China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite
Provenance

Reportedly excavated at An-hsi, Chekiang [1]

Wu Dacheng (1835-1902) [2]

To 1919
You Xiaoxi (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1919 [3]

1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi, in New York, in 1919 [4]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [5]

Notes:

[1] According to Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record.

[2] The jade was formerly in the collection of Wu Dacheng, and is mentioned in You Xiaoxi’s catalogue. See the 1917 album compiled by You Xiaoxi (Seaouke You) of works in his collection, no. 67; Charles Lang Freer Papers. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[3] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1399, pg. 327, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[4] See note 3.

[5] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Wu Dacheng 1835-1902
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
You Xiaoxi (C.L. Freer source) late 19th-early 20th century

Published References
  • You Xiaoxi. Description of antique Chinese paintings and brass wares as well as of porcelains of different ages. The Charles Lang Freer papers, 1919. No. 67, p. 51, 65.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Jades for Life and Death
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