Tube (cong 琮)

Squared, hollow cylinder of the type ts’ung [cong] 琮; ends flat; proportions irregular; uneven boring leaving deep ledge in interior; black and blackish brown with iridescent, golden brown flecks; silvery incrustation; surface worn and roughened with irregularities; decoration: channeled grooves and notches.

Acquired with an inscribed box and stand, now lost.

Maker(s)
Artist: Liangzhu culture 良渚 (ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
H x W x D: 14.8 × 6.9 × 6.7 cm (5 13/16 × 2 11/16 × 2 5/8 in) Diam (hole - top): 4.5 cm (1 3/4 in) Diam (hole - bottom): 4 cm (1 9/16 in)
Geography
China, Lake Tai region
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1917.96
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object: cong

Keywords
China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite
Provenance

To 1917
Li Wenqing (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1917 [1]

From 1917 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Li Wenqing, in New York, in 1917 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]

Notes:

[1] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1178, pg. 273, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. See also, Voucher No. 18, December 1916.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Li Wenqing (C.L. Freer source) ca. 1869-1931

Description

Squared, hollow cylinder of the type ts’ung [cong] 琮; ends flat; proportions irregular; uneven boring leaving deep ledge in interior; black and blackish brown with iridescent, golden brown flecks; silvery incrustation; surface worn and roughened with irregularities; decoration: channeled grooves and notches.

Acquired with an inscribed box and stand, now lost.

Published References
  • Frederick William Gookin. Catalogue of a Loan Exhibition of Ancient Chinese Paintings, Sculptures and Jade Objects from the Collection formed by Charles Lang Freer, and Given by Him to the Nation through the Smithsonian Institution, Exhibition November 15 to December 8, 1917. Exh. cat. Chicago, November 15 - December 8, 1917. p. 46, no. 103.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Jades for Life and Death
CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

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