Campo Sta. Marta—Winter Evening

Artist: James McNeill Whistler (American, 1834-1903)
Historical period(s)
Crayon and pastel on brown paper
H x W: 20.8 x 28 cm (8 3/16 x 11 in)
United States
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view


night, United States, winter

To 1917
Mrs. Louisine Havemeyer (1855-1929), New York to 1917 [1]

From 1917 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), given by Mrs. Louisine Havemeyer in 1917 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Accession List, Collections Management office, as well as Original Whistler List, pg. 16, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Mrs. Louisine Havemeyer (C.L. Freer source) 1855 - 1929


Several progressive reviewers defended the sketchiness of Whistler's Venice pastels. Writing in the British Architect, E. W. Godwin admitted that "some of the drawings at first sight look like slight scribbles in blue, white, and black on brown or grey paper, just as if made in a moment to jot down a passing effect," but insisted that what appears "slight is the evident outcome of much thought, the scribble has no scribbling in it, and the colour is often attained by interweaving other colours, and breaking it all in lovely though measured spray over the brown or grey ground."
Quotations from E. W. Godwin, "Notes of Current Events," British Architect, February 4, 1881.

Published References
  • Margaret F. MacDonald. James McNeill Whistler: Drawings, Pastels, and Watercolours : A Catalogue RaisonnĂ©. New Haven, 1995. .
  • Margaret F. MacDonald. Palaces in the Night: Whistler in Venice. Aldershot, Hampshire, England, 2001. p. 40, fig. 40.
  • David Park Curry. James McNeill Whistler at the Freer Gallery of Art. Washington and New York, 1984. p. 266, pl. 260.
Collection Area(s)
American Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum