Head ornament with mask

Ornament; small rounded plaque with straight base; obverse slightly convex; reverse slightly concave with three double perforations; mottled olive green and yellowish tan; profuse white incrustation; decoration: carved in low relief, a stylized face worn smooth, with only the eyes and mouth discernible.

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Maker(s)
Artist: Liangzhu culture 良渚 (ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 3300-2250 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
H x W x D: 5.5 x 6.6 x 0.7 cm (2 1/8 x 2 5/8 x 5/16 in)
Geography
China, Lake Tai region, purportedly found at Anxi, Zhejiang province
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1917.380
On View Location
Freer Gallery 19: Afterlife: Ancient Chinese Jades
Classification(s)
Jade, Jewelry and Ornament
Type

Head ornament

Keywords
carving, China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), mask, nephrite
Provenance

Purportedly found at Anxi, Zhejiang [1]

To 1917
You Xiaoxi (late 19th–early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1917 [2]

From 1917 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854–1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi, in New York, in 1917 [3]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [4]

Notes:

[1] According to Curatorial Remark 2 in the object record.

[2] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1320, p. 302, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[3] See note 2.

[4] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
You Xiaoxi (C.L. Freer source) late 19th-early 20th century

Description

Ornament; small rounded plaque with straight base; obverse slightly convex; reverse slightly concave with three double perforations; mottled olive green and yellowish tan; profuse white incrustation; decoration: carved in low relief, a stylized face worn smooth, with only the eyes and mouth discernible.

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Published References
  • Hayashi Minao. Jade of the Liang-chu Culture. no. 360 Tokyo, March 1981. fig. 9.
  • Julia Murray. Neolithic Chinese Jades in the Freer Gallery of Art. vol. 14, no. 11 Hong Kong, November 1983. p. 18.
  • Elizabeth Childs-Johnson, Fang Gu. Yuqi shidai: Meiguo bowuguan cang Zhongguo zaoqi yuqi [The Jade Age: Early Chinese Jades in American Museums]. Beijing, 2009. p. 60.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

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