Zhangzhou ware water containers in the shape of a toad

Historical period(s)
Ming dynasty, 16th century
Porcelain with iron pigment and lead-silicate enamel glaze
Zhangzhou ware
H x W x D (overall): 3.3 x 6 x 4.4 cm (1 5/16 x 2 3/8 x 1 3/4 in)
China, Fujian province, Zhangzhou kilns
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Ceramic, Vessel

Water cup

China, Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644), porcelain, toad, water, Zhangzhou ware

To 1917
Yamanaka & Company, to 1917 [1]

From 1917 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Yamanaka & Company in 1917 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Original Pottery List, L. 2566, Freer Galley of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. The majority of Charles Lang Freer’s purchases from Yamanaka & Company were made at its New York branch. Yamanaka & Company maintained branch offices, at various times, in Boston, Chicago, London, Peking, Shanghai, Osaka, Nara, and Kyoto. During the summer, the company also maintained seasonal locations in Newport, Bar Harbor, and Atlantic City.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Yamanaka and Co. (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer 1854 - 1919


Small, mold-formed water vessels in the shape of toads or other animals were made for use by scholars, who would use a small spoon to transfer water to the inkstone for mixing ink.

Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum