Two-tier tube (cong 琮) with masks

Squared, hollow cylinder of the type ts’ung [cong] 琮; low form with projecting collar at both ends, one end wider; mottled light and dark gray with scattered spots of brown, reddish brown, and orange; some white surface alteration in interior; decoration: channeled and incised, grooves and corner ridges, circles and linear designs; tool marks on one collar. (One chip.)

Maker(s)
Artist: Liangzhu culture 良渚 (ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 3300-ca. 2250 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
H x W x D: 8.1 x 7.4 x 7.5 cm (3 3/16 x 2 15/16 x 2 15/16 in) Diam (hole): 5.6 cm (2 3/16 in)
Geography
China, Lake Tai region
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
F1916.500
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object

Keywords
China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite
Provenance

To 1916
You Xiaoxi, Shanghai, to 1916 [1]

From 1916 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi, in New York in 1916 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]

Notes:

[1] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1046, pg. 233, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854 - 1919
You Xiaoxi (C.L. Freer source) late 19th-early 20th century

Description

Squared, hollow cylinder of the type ts'ung [cong] 琮; low form with projecting collar at both ends, one end wider; mottled light and dark gray with scattered spots of brown, reddish brown, and orange; some white surface alteration in interior; decoration: channeled and incised, grooves and corner ridges, circles and linear designs; tool marks on one collar. (One chip.)

Published References
  • You Xiaoxi, Hsiao-chi Yu in, Chi-Tseng Chang. Masterpieces of Chinese National Art: The Collection of Mr. Seaouke'e Yue. Shanghai, 1916. no. 21.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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