Forked blade (zhang 璋)

Ceremonial implement; blade with lateral edges flaring slightly to form concave upper end; indented lateral projections on each side above perforated tang; opaque black with small brown strata mark on tang; areas of silvery incrustation.

Maker(s)
Artist: Erlitou culture 二裏頭 (ca. 2000-1600 BCE)
Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 1800-1600 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
H x W x D: 26.9 x 6.8 x 0.4 cm (10 9/16 x 2 11/16 x 1/8 in)
Geography
China, probably Henan province
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
F1916.493
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object

Keywords
China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite
Provenance

To 1916
You Xiaoxi, Shanghai, to 1916 [1]

From 1916 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi, in New York in 1916 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]

Notes:

[1] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1039, pg. 231, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854 - 1919
You Xiaoxi (C.L. Freer source) late 19th-early 20th century

Description

Ceremonial implement; blade with lateral edges flaring slightly to form concave upper end; indented lateral projections on each side above perforated tang; opaque black with small brown strata mark on tang; areas of silvery incrustation.

Published References
  • You Xiaoxi, Hsiao-chi Yu in, Chi-Tseng Chang. Masterpieces of Chinese National Art: The Collection of Mr. Seaouke'e Yue. Shanghai, 1916. no. 15.
  • Minao Hayashi. Chūgoku kodai no ishibōchōkei gyokki to kotsusenkei gyokki (Two Types of Prehistorical Chinese Ceremonial Jade Objects: Stone Harvesting Knives and Bone Spades). No. 54, 1982. p. 58, fig. 68.
  • Minao Hayashi. Chūgoku kogyoku no kenkyū. Tokyo, 1991. p. 497, fig. 6: 120.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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