Harvesting knife (hu 笏), fragment

Ceremonial implement; long, thin blade form with beveled cutting edge, four conical perforations drilled from same side and niched handle; mottled brownish green with area of tan veins and a strip of translucent lighter green along cutting edge; smooth surface. (End broken, chips.)

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Historical period(s)
Late Neolithic period, ca. 2000-ca. 1700 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
H x W x D: 48.2 × 9.2 × 0.4 cm (19 × 3 5/8 × 3/16 in)
Geography
China
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1916.161
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceremonial Object, Jade
Type

Ceremonial object: harvesting knife (hu)

Keywords
China, Late Neolithic period (ca. 5000 - ca. 1700 BCE), nephrite
Provenance

To 1916
Lai-Yuan and Company, New York, to 1916 [1]

From 1916 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Lai-Yuan and Company in 1916 [2]

From 1920
The Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]

Notes:

[1] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 874, pg. 189, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Lai-Yuan & Company (C.L. Freer source) ca. 1915-April 1921

Description

Ceremonial implement; long, thin blade form with beveled cutting edge, four conical perforations drilled from same side and niched handle; mottled brownish green with area of tan veins and a strip of translucent lighter green along cutting edge; smooth surface. (End broken, chips.)

Acquired with a box, now lost.

Published References
  • Minao Hayashi. Chūgoku kodai no ishibōchōkei gyokki to kotsusenkei gyokki [Two Types of Prehistorical Chinese Ceremonial Jade Objects: Stone Harvesting Knives and Bone Spades]. No. 54, 1982. p. 41, fig. 42.
  • Minao Hayashi. Chūgoku kogyoku no kenkyū. Tokyo, 1991. p. 477, fig. 6: 74.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

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