Pendant with dragon heads, interlaced dragons, and mask

Ornament; thin strip cut in arc of circle, ending in dragon (?) heads, of the type “p’ei huang [peihuang] 佩璜”; one perforation; translucent, grayish white flecked with golden tan; traces of cloudy white decomposition; decoration: carved in sensible relief and delicately incised; both sides alike; interlaced, stylized coiling bodies; one “t’ao t’ieh [taotie] 饕餮” mask.

Historical period(s)
Spring and Autumn period, Eastern Zhou dynasty, ca. 600-476 BCE
Medium
Jade (nephrite)
Dimensions
H x W x D: 7.8 × 1.9 × 0.3 cm (3 1/16 × 3/4 × 1/8 in)
Geography
China
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
F1916.146
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Jade, Jewelry and Ornament
Type

Pendant

Keywords
China, dragon, Eastern Zhou dynasty (770 - 221 BCE), Spring and Autumn period (770 - 476 BCE), taotie
Provenance

To 1916
Lai-Yuan and Company, New York, NY to 1916 [1]

From 1916 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Lai-Yuan and Company in 1916 [2]

From 1920
The Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]

Notes:

[1] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 828, pg. 179, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Lai-Yuan & Company (C.L. Freer source) ca. 1915-April 1921

Description

Ornament; thin strip cut in arc of circle, ending in dragon (?) heads, of the type “p’ei huang [peihuang] 佩璜”; one perforation; translucent, grayish white flecked with golden tan; traces of cloudy white decomposition; decoration: carved in sensible relief and delicately incised; both sides alike; interlaced, stylized coiling bodies; one “t’ao t’ieh [taotie] 饕餮” mask.

Published References
  • Alfred Salmony. Carved Jade of Ancient China. Berkeley, 1938. pl. 40, no. 5.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

This image is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.

Related Objects