Sword-hilt with ring pommel containing a phoenix head

Historical period(s)
Kofun (Tumulus) period, 250-552
Gilt bronze
H x W: 7.1 x 6 cm (2 13/16 x 2 3/8 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Metalwork, Weapon and Armament

Weapon: hilt and pommel

casting, gilding, Japan, Kofun (Tumulus) Period (250 - 552 CE), phoenix

To 1911
Morita, Nara, to 1911 [1]

From 1911 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Morita in 1911 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Original Bronze List, S.I. 299, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Morita (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919

Published References
  • Illustrated Encyclopedia of Humankind., November 1993. vol. 2.
  • Edward Wrangham, Goke Tadaomi, Julia Hutt. Meiji No Takara (Treasures of Imperial Japan): Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Japanese Art: Lacquer. Nasser D. Khalili Collection of Japanese Art, vol. 4 2 vols., London. .
  • Peoples and Places of the Past: The National Geographic Illustrated Cultural Atlas of the Ancient World. Washington. p. 305.
Collection Area(s)
Japanese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.