St. John of the Ladder (Climacus): illustration from a Klimax manuscript

Historical period(s)
early 12th century
Opaque watercolor and gold on paper
H x W: 17.2 x 10.5 cm (6 3/4 x 4 1/8 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view


Christianity, Egypt, Saint John

To 1909
Ali Arabi, Giza, Egypt, to 1909 [1]

From 1909 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Ali Arabi, in Giza, in summer of 1909 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Original Miscellaneous List, Biblical Mss. section, S.I. 1486-A, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s)

Ali Arabi (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919

Published References
  • Charles Rufus Morey. East Christian Paintings in the Freer Collection. University of Michigan Humanistic Series, 12 New York. pl. 1.
  • John Rupert Martin. The Illustration of the Heavenly Ladder of John Climacus. Studies in manuscript illumination, no. 5 Princeton. pp. 20, 192, fig. 14.
  • Seymour de Ricci W. J. Wilson. Census of Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts in the United States and Canada. 3 vols., New York, 1935-1940. p. 468.
Collection Area(s)
Biblical Manuscripts
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
Rights Statement

Copyright with museum

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