Seymour Haden (1818-1910), London 
H. Wunderlich & Co., New York to 1898 
From 1898 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from H. Wunderlich & Co., through Thomas Wilmer Dewing (1851-1938), in November 1898 
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 See Original Whistler List, Haden Collection Drawings, pg. 1, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
 See Voucher No. 20, November 1898, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
 See note 2.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
- Previous Owner(s)
Francis Seymour Haden 1818-1910
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
H. Wunderlich & Co. (C.L. Freer source) 1874-1912
The drawing appears to have been sketched from life, probably during Whistler's Rhineland tour. The figure at the window is difficult to read - Wedmore couldn't even tell whether it was a man or a woman in the later etching. However, it is unlikely that a miser would have posed to a stranger while counting his hoard. The figure in the window could as well be Whistler's traveling companion Delannoy. Once back in Paris, the drawing became the basis for a dramatic etching entitled The Miser (F1898.309). The drawn image was reversed and the composition simplified. Whistler increased the contrast between the dark figure and the light wall, removed the drapery from the table and bench, and cropped the space to the right of the hunched figure. Both the bench and table were lengthened. By all these means the artist emphasized spatial recession, and heightened the dramatic impact of the etching. Whistler's romanticized reworking of the farm scene as well as its new title may reflect to some extent Whistler's struggle to keep traveling once his funds had run out in Cologne. The artist reported that in some cases he met with stingy hospitality.
- Published References
- Margaret F. MacDonald. James McNeill Whistler: Drawings, Pastels, and Watercolours : A Catalogue Raisonné. New Haven, 1995. .
- Howard Mansfield. A Descriptive Catalogue of the Etchings and Dry-points of James Abbott McNeill Whistler. Chicago, 1909. .
- Katharine Lochnan. The Etchings of James McNeill Whistler. Exh. cat. New Haven and London, 1984. .
- Edward G. Kennedy. The Etched Work of Whistler: Illustrated by Reproductions in Collotype of the Different States of the Plates. 4 vols., New York, 1910. .
- David Park Curry. James McNeill Whistler at the Freer Gallery of Art. Washington and New York, 1984. p. 217, pl. 163.
- Collection Area(s)
- American Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
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