Yamanaka & Company, New York to 1896 
From 1896 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Yamanaka & Company in 1896 
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 Undated folder sheet note. See Original Kakemono List, L. 70, pg. 15, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
 See note 1.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
- Previous Owner(s)
Yamanaka and Co. (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer 1854 - 1919
Kuroda Toko was a samurai from Tottori who moved to Edo after studying with the official painter to the daimyo of his native region. Toko's teacher, Hijikata Torei (1735-1807), had studied in Kyoto with Maruyama Okyo (1733-95), who had created an influential style of painting from his study of Chinese, Japanese, and European art. Torei had also studied the realistic painting of natural subjects by Ming- and Qing-dynasty Chinese artists. The realism of Toko's ink carp swimming underwater and viewed from above reflects this heritage from his teacher. Blue flowers emerging from the pool heighten the effect and are also decorative.
- Published References
- Unknown title. no. 734 Tokyo. p. 45.
- Thomas Lawton Linda Merrill. Freer: a legacy of art. Washington and New York, 1993. p. 208, fig. 142.
- Collection Area(s)
- Japanese Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
- Rights Statement
Copyright with museum