Twilight: Early Spring

Artist: Dwight William Tryon (1849-1925)
Historical period(s)
Oil on canvas
H x W (overall): 58.5 × 84.5 cm (23 1/16 × 33 1/4 in)
United States
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Freer Gallery 11: A Perfect Harmony

Oil painting

landscape, spring, tree, United States

To 1893
N.E. Montross (1849-1932), New York to 1893 [1]

From 1893 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from N.E. Montross on April 7, 1893 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Voucher file for April 7, 1893, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

N.E. Montross (C.L. Freer source) 1849-1932
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919


Twilight: Early Spring is one of the handful of works Tryon painted during the early 1890s. During this period Tryon was primarily occupied with producing works to decorate Charles Lang Freer's Detroit home. Freer considered the painting "unquestionably one of the most charming landscapes" he had ever seen. Twenty years later, Tryon himself all but denounced Twilight: Early Spring and other paintings from the same period, which he felt could neither sustain extended examination nor "stir the emotions as deeply" as his later and, to his thinking, greater works of art.

Published References
  • Helen Nebeker Tomlinson. West Meets East: Charles L. Freer Trailblazing Asian Art Collector. Herndon, Virginia. Insert p. 2.
  • , John Caldwell, Oswaldo Rodriguez Roque, Dale T. Johnson, Doreen Bolger Burke, Natalie Spassky, Linda Bantel. American Paintings in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. 3 vols., New York. vol. 3: p. 111.
  • Mary Ellen Hayward. The Influence of the Classical Oriental Tradition. vol. 14, no. 2 Chicago, Summer 1979. fig. 18.
  • Ralph Sessions. The Poetic Vision: American Tonalism. Exh. cat. New York, 2005. fig. 33.
  • Charles Henry Caffin. The Art of Dwight W. Tryon: An Appreciation. New York. pp.56, 71.
  • Nicolai Cikovsky Jr., Michael Quick. George Inness. Exh. cat. New York. pp.59, 62.
  • Susan Hobbs. A Connoisseur's Vision of America: The American Collection of Charles Lang Freer., August 1977. p. 82.
  • Henry C. White, Houghton Mifflin Co. The Life and Art of Dwight William Tryon. Boston and New York, 1930. p. 101.
  • Linda Merrill. An Ideal Country: Paintings by Dwight William Tryon in the Freer Gallery of Art. Washington and Hanover and London, 1990. cat. 13, p. 118.
  • Encyclopedia Britannica., 14th ed. New York. p. 570.
Collection Area(s)
American Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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