We thank the Art & History Trust, scholars Laura Parodi and Anna Seastrand for sharing unpublished scholarship for this website, and the entire Freer and Sackler staff, especially, Andrew Hare, Tim Kirk, Bruce Young, and Michael Wilpers for reading the emperors’ words, and intern Najiba Choudhury.
The excerpts from Mughal period sources appear in the following publications:
Allami, Abu’l Fazl. Akbar-nama. Translated by H. Beveridge. 3 vols. Reprint. Delhi, 1972–73.
The Baburnama: Memoirs of Babur, Prince and Emperor. Translated, edited, and annotated by Wheeler M. Thackston. Washington, DC, 1996.
The Jahangirnama: Memoirs of Jahangir, Emperor of India. Translated, edited, and annotated by Wheeler M. Thackston. Washington, DC, 1999.
Kanbo, Muhammad-Salih, ‘Amal-i Salih or Shahjahannama, revised Persian text edited by Wahid Quraishi, second edition, 3 volumes, Lahore, 1967-72.