anthropomorphic: the attribution of human traits, emotions, or intentions to nonhuman entities.
Four Arts: the four main academic and artistic accomplishments required of the aristocratic ancient Chinese scholar–gentleman. They are qin(chin), a stringed instrument; qi, the strategy game of weiqi (a Chinese chess); shu(shoo) a region in southwest China, modern-day Sichuan province., Chinese calligraphythe art of producing decorative handwriting with a pen or a brush.; and hua, Chinese painting.
inscription: an etching or carving on a surface.
literatiwell-educated people who are interested in literature.: Chinese scholars whose music, poetry, calligraphy, and paintings were primarily meant to reveal their cultivation and to express their personal feelings rather than to demonstrate professional skill.
pitch: a perceptual property of sound that makes it possible to judge sounds as “higher” and “lower” in the sense associated with musical melodies.
qin: called guqin in China, the qin is considered a literati musical instrument. For centuries, it has been valued as a symbola shape or design that is recognizable and has a meaning associated with it. of high culture by the Chinese elitea select group that is superior to the rest of a group or society in terms of abilities or qualities. class. The qin is one of the most ancient Chinese musical instruments.
self-cultivationthe development of one’s mind or capacities through one’s own efforts; the cultivation, integration, and coordination of mind and body.: the cultivation, integration, and coordination of mind and body. It is associated with attempts to go beyond normal states of being and the enhancing and endless polishing of a person’s capacities and potentials. Self-cultivation is a psychological process that belongs to the Confucian philosophy system, which refers to the action and effort of keeping the balance between inner and outer selves and between self and others.
zoomorphicshaped like an animal.: art that uses animals as a visual motifa repeating design, pattern, or image., sometimes referred to as “animal style.” The animal form is applied to a physical object. Here, it means ancient Chinese people created and named some parts of the qin after animals, such as dragons, phoenix, or geese.