string(21) "edanmdm:fsg_S1987.868" Pendant (long pei) in the form of a dragon - National Museum of Asian Art

Pendant (long pei) in the form of a dragon

Detail of a pattern
Image 1 of 1

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At A Glance

  • Period

    475-221 BCE
  • Geography

    Shou Xian, Anhui province, China
  • Material

    Jade (nephrite)
  • Dimension

    H x W x D: 4.6 x 9.1 x 0.5 cm (1 13/16 x 3 9/16 x 3/16 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Provenance

    1931 to 1932
    Likely discovered in tomb located in Anhui province, Shou xian, China [1]
    To 1948
    Zhang Naiji (1899–1948), Shanghai, China, then New York, NY [2]
    1948 to 1954
    Zhang Mei Chien (1901–ca. 1955), New York, NY, inherited upon her husband’s death [3]
    1954 to 1960s
    J. T. Tai and Company, New York, NY, purchased from Zhang Mei Chien in New York, NY [5]
    1960s to 1987
    Arthur M. Sackler, New York, NY, purchased from J. T. Tai and Company in the 1960s in New York, NY [6]
    From 1987
    Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift of Dr. Arthur M. Sackler in 1987 [7]
    [1] Object published in Archaic Chinese Jades: Special Exhibition (Philadelphia: The University Museum,
    February 1940), cat. 162. Catalogue entry notes discovery site as Shou hsien (now known as Shou xian), where
    tombs were exposed between 1931 and 1932. During this period the tombs were never properly excavated.
    [2] Zhang Naiji (also known as N.C. Chang) was a businessman, born to a prestigious family in Zhejiang that made their wealth in the silk and salt industries. He collected ancient Chinese art objects and Chinese coins. Zhang amassed his collection whilst living in Shanghai, before leaving for America in 1938, and acquired his objects onsite at archaeological excavations (see Alfred Salmony, Chinese Jade through the Wei Dynasty [New
    York: The Ronald Press Company, 1963], p. 115).
    Zhang lent his collection anonymously to Archaic Chinese Jades: Special Exhibition. We know his identity through letters housed in the Department of Archives, The University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology
    and Anthropology, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (see letter from C. T. Loo to Horace Jayne, October 25, 1939, and letter from C. T. Loo to Horace Jayne, December 16, 1939, copies in Freer and Sackler COM provenance files). The exhibition was entirely organized by C. T. Loo and Company, New York. Letters exchanged between C. T. Loo and the director of The University Museum, Mr. Horace H. F. Jayne, reveal that Zhang Naiji owned the objects and C. T. Loo and Company had the collection on consignment (see letter from C. T. Loo to Horace Jayne, May 28, 1939c and letter from C. T. Loo to Horace Jayne, October 23, 1940, copies in COM provenance files). C. T. Loo and Company kept the jade collection on consignment from 1940 through Zhang’s death in 1948, inventorying the pieces with a prefix “J” and labeling each item as “Chang Collection.”
    [3] Zhang Mei Chien, Zhang Naiji’s wife, assumed ownership upon his death in 1948. She sold several pieces from her husband’s collection to J. T. Tai and Company in July 1954 (for example, see J. T. Tai and Company Stock Record YT 886 and YT 895, copies in COM provenance files).
    [4] J. T. Tai and Company purchased several of Zhang Naiji’s jade pieces and sold these objects to Arthur M. Sackler in the 1960s (see, for example, S1987.29 and S1987.897). In his inventory, Arthur M. Sackler identified this object as 72.1.11. Sackler grouped this object with other jades he purchased from J. T. Tai and Company, including 72.1.9, which Sackler acquired from Tai as YT 1125. According to information provided by the Arthur M. Sackler Foundation on October 9, 2009, Arthur M. Sackler acquired YT 1120 on May 15, 1963. He likely acquired this object the same day. See invoice from J. T. Tai to Arthur M. Sackler, dated May 15, 1963, copy located in object file and full copy located in Freer and Sackler COM provenance files.
    [5] Arthur M. Sackler likely purchased this from J. T. Tai in the early 1960s, see note 4. The object was part of his foundational 1987 gift to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery.
    [6] Pursuant to the agreement between Dr. Arthur M. Sackler and the Smithsonian Institution dated July 28, 1982, legal title of the donated objects was transferred to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery on September 11, 1987.
  • Collection

    Arthur M. Sackler Collection
  • Exhibition History

    The Arts of China (November 18, 1990 to September 7, 2014)
    In Praise of Ancestors: Ritual Objects from China (September 28, 1987 to January 1, 1989)
    Archaic Chinese Jades, Special Exhibition (February 1940)
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Zhang Naiji 張乃驥 (1899-1948)
    Zhang Mei Chien (1900-1998)
    J. T. Tai & Co. (established in 1950)
    Dr. Arthur M. Sackler (1913-1987)
  • Origin

    Shou Xian, Anhui province, China
  • Credit Line

    Gift of Arthur M. Sackler
  • Type

    Jewelry and Ornament
  • Restrictions and Rights

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