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A Donkey for Mr. Zhu

Detail of a pattern
Image 1 of 4

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At A Glance

  • Period

    calligraphy 1500; painting ca. 1550
  • Geography

    Jiangsu province, China
  • Material

    Ink on paper
  • Dimension

    H x W (image): 26.5 x 70.1 cm (10 7/16 x 27 5/8 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Artist

    Qiu Ying 仇英 (ca. 1494-1552)
  • Calligrapher

    Xu Zhenqing (1479-1511)
  • Signatures

    Signatures: Qin Ying shi fu, one essayist, 10 pledges.
  • Marks

    Artists Seals: Shi fu (relief, square).
    Collectors Seals: 14 collectors and appreciators script.
    Collectors Seals: 14 collectors and appreciators script.
  • Inscriptions

    Inscriptions: After a prose essay in twenty one lines, in regular script.
  • Provenance

    From at least 1824
    Wu Xiu (1764-1827), China [1]
    From at least 1891
    Lu Xinyuan (1834-1894), China [2]
    From at least 1902
    Duanfang (1861-1911), China [3]
    From at least 1928
    Guan Mianjun (1871-1933), China [4]
    From at least 1967
    Frank Caro (1904-1980), New York, New York [5]
    From possibly ca. 1967 to 1987
    Dr. Arthur M. Sackler (1913-1987), New York, New York [6]
    From 1987
    Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, DC, gift of Dr. Arthur M. Sackler on September 11, 1987 [7]
    [1] According to Wu Xiu ??, Qingxiaguan lunhua jueju ??????? (One Hundred Quatrains Praising Painting from the Lodge of Green Vapors), (1824), vol. 16, pp. 216–17.
    [2] According to Lu Xinyuan ???, Rangliguan guoyan lu ?????? (Appreciative Notes on Painting and Calligraphy), (Wuxing: Yigutang ???, 1891), 19:3a-5b, along with the first three colophons.
    [3] According to Duanfang ??, Renyin xiaoxia lu ?????, (1902), 2 vols. In Xuxiu Siku quanshu ??????. 1800 vols. (Shanghai: Shanghai guji chubanshe, 1995–2002), vol. 1089: vol. 1, pp. 552–54.
    [4] According to Guan, Mianjun, San qiu ge shu hua lu (A Catalogue of Calligraphy and Painting from the Hall of Three Autumns), (1928), pp. 46, plate 1.
    [5] The handscroll was on loan to the Princeton University Art Museum from January 11, 1967. According to information from the Princeton University Art Museum registrars, initially, the loan agreement listed Frank Caro as the lender. Subsequently, at an unknown date, Frank Caro’s name was crossed off and instead Arthur M. Sackler’s name was written. Given this information, it seems likely that as of at least 1967, Frank Caro was the owner of the painting, when the original loan agreement was signed. See correspondences from the Princeton University Art Museum dated June 25 and June 15, 2018, copies in object file, Collections Management Office. See also Marilyn Fu and Shen Fu, Studies in Connoisseurship: Chinese Paintings from the Arthur M. Sackler Collection in New York, Princeton and Washington DC, (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1973), pp. 86-93.
    [6] The object was part of the traveling exhibition, Rarities of Chinese Paintings from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections. It was on view at the Princeton University Art Museum, December 8, 1973 – February 3, 1974; Cleveland Museum of Art, July 10 – September 2, 1974; Los Angeles Museum of Art, September 15 – November 3, 1974; Metropolitan Museum of Art, May 13 – September 7, 1976, among possibly other venues. Arthur M. Sackler acquired a number of objects for his collection from Frank Caro’s gallery in New York in the 1960s and 1970s; it is, therefore, possible that he acquired the painting directly from Frank Caro.
    [7] Pursuant to the agreement between Dr. Arthur M. Sackler and the Smithsonian Institution, dated July 28, 1982, legal title of the donated objects was transferred to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery on September 11, 1987.
  • Collection

    Arthur M. Sackler Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Where the Truth Lies: The Art of Qiu Ying (February 9, 2020 - March 13, 2020)
    The Ferryman of Ink World: Dong Qichang's Calligraphy and Painting Art (December 1, 2018 to March 31, 2019)
    Painting with Words: Gentlemen Artists of the Ming Dynasty (April 16 to July 24, 2016)
    Power and Virtue: The Horse in Chinese Art (September 11 to December 13, 1997)
    The Arts of China (November 18, 1990 to September 7, 2014)
    Pavilions and Immortal Mountains: Chinese Decorative Art and Paintings (September 28, 1987 to February 28, 1988)
    Rarities of Chinese Painting in the Arthur M. Sackler Collections (December 8, 1973 to June 29, 1986)
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Wu Xiu (1764-1827)
    Lu Xinyuan (1834-1894)
    Duanfang 端方 (1861-1911)
    Guan Mianjun (1871-1933)
    Frank Caro (1904-1980)
    Dr. Arthur M. Sackler (1913-1987)
  • Origin

    Jiangsu province, China
  • Credit Line

    Gift of Arthur M. Sackler
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

    Usage Conditions Apply

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