Makhzan al-asrar (Treasury of secrets) by Haydar Khwarazmi (d.1414?)

Detail of a pattern
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At A Glance

  • Period

    1577-78 ? (985 A.H. ?)
  • Geography

    Khurasan, Iran (present-day Afghanistan)
  • Material

    Ink, opaque watercolor and gold on paper
  • Dimension

    H x W x D (closed): 33.1 x 21 x 2.1 cm (13 1/16 x 8 1/4 x 13/16 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Calligrapher

    Mir Ali Haravi (died ca. 1550)
  • Description

    Manuscript; Makhzan al-asrar (Treasury of secrets) by Haydar Khwarazmi; ChaghatayTurkish in black and white nasta'liq script; 32 folios with a double-page frontispiece (fols.2verso, and 3recto), illuminated headings, 9 paintings (fols.1 recto, 10 recto, 12 recto, 14 recto, 17 recto, 19 recto, 22 verso, 24 recto, 26 recto), and a dated colophon (folio 32 recto); seals (fols.2 and 32 recto); inscriptions (fols.1 recto, 31 recto); standard page: 2 columns, 12 lines of text.
    Binding: The manuscript is bound in leather over paper pasteboards stamped with the name of Vever; the lower and upper covers both have a border of multiple fillets.
  • Marks

    Seals: (fols. 2, 31 recto, oval) his slave Muhammad b. Muhammad Riza Mahdi.
  • Inscriptions

    Fol. 2 recto: "the book of Makhzan al-asrar of Haydar Tilba, copied by Ali al-Katib, the date of the month of Rabi' I."
  • Provenance

    To 1908
    Reza Khan Monif, Paris, France. [1]
    From 1908 to 1942
    Henri Vever (1854-1942), Paris and Noyers, France, purchased from Reza Khan Monif, Paris, France on April 9, 1908. [2]
    From 1942 to 1986
    Family member, Paris and Boulogne, France, by inheritance from Henri Vever, Paris and Noyers, France. [3]
    From 1986
    Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, purchased from a family member, Paris and Boulogne, France. [4]
    [1] See Susan Nemazee, "Appendix 7: Chart of Recent Provenance" in An Annotated and Illustrated Checklist of the Vever Collection, Glenn D. Lowry et al (Washington, DC: Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1988), p. 400. See also Glen D. Lowry and Susan Nemazee, "Appendix 2: Ledger of Acquisitions, 1894 and 1907-17" in A Jeweler’s Eye: Islamic Arts of the Book from the Vever Collection (Washington, DC: Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1988), p. 229.
    [2] See note 1.
    [3] See the Agreement for the Purchase and Sale of the Henri Vever Collection of January 9, 1986, Collections Management Office.
    [4] See note 3.
  • Collection

    Arthur M. Sackler Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Beauty and Belief: Crossing Bridges with the Arts of Islamic Culture (February 24, 2012 to January 13, 2013)
    Love and Yearning: Mystical and Moral Themes in Persian Painting (August 30, 2003 to February 22, 2004)
    Other Worldly Visions: Persian and Indian Paintings from the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery (March 27, 1998 to May 10, 1998)
    Crushed Lapis and Burnished Gold: The Art of Illumination (June 9 to December 8, 1991)
    A Jeweler's Eye: Islamic Arts of the Book from the Vever Collection (November 20, 1988 to April 30, 1989)
    International Exhibition of Persian Art (January 7 to March 7, 1931)
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Henri Vever (1854-1942)
    Reiza Khan Monif
    Francois Mautin (1907-2003)
  • Origin

    Khurasan, Iran (present-day Afghanistan)
  • Credit Line

    Purchase — Smithsonian Unrestricted Trust Funds, Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, and Dr. Arthur M. Sackler
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

    Usage Conditions Apply

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