Khamsa (Quintet) by Amir Khusraw Dihlavi (d.1325)

Detail of a pattern
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At A Glance

  • Period

    November 1564 (Rabi' II 972 A.H.)
  • Geography

    Qazwin, Iran
  • Material

    Opaque watercolor, ink, and gold on paper
  • Dimension

    H x W (overall): 23.3 x 17 cm (9 3/16 x 6 11/16 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Artist

    Siyavush Beg
  • Description

    Manuscript; Khamsa by Amir Khusraw Dihlawi; Persian in black nasta'liq script; 198 folios with four sarlawhs (verso: 1,30,109,147), four dated colophons (29 recto, 78 recto,108 recto and 146 recto), and 7 paintings (41verso, 55 recto, 70 recto, 92 recto, 134 recto, 161verso and 187verso) attributed to Siyavush Beg or a close follower; seals (fols.1 recto, and 198 recto); standard page: four columns, 22 lines of text; headings in red.
    Binding: The manuscript was originally bound in papier-mâché, the bounding has been removed, the manuscript is now bound in leather over paper pasteboards stamped with the name of Vever.
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Jeanne Louise Monthiers (1861-1947)
    Francois Mautin (1907-2003)
    Henri Vever (1854-1942)
    Octave Homberg
    Octave Marie Joseph Kérim Homberg Sr. (1844-1907)
  • Provenance

    Possibly to 1907
    Possibly Octave Marie Joseph Kérim Homberg Sr. (1844-1907), method of acquisition unknown [1]
    Likely 1907-1931
    Octave Marie Joseph Kérim Homberg Jr. (1876-1941), possibly by inheritance from his father, Octave Marie Joseph Kérim Homberg Sr. [2]
    Sale, Paris, Galerie Georges Petit, "Catalogue des tableaux anciens : objets d'art et de haute curiosité européens et orientaux ... la collection de Octave Homberg," June 3, 2, & 5, 1931, lot 90 [3]
    Henri Vever (1854-1942), likely purchased at the Galerie Georges Petit sale in 1931[4]
    Jeanne Louise Monthiers (1861-1947), bequest of Henri Vever [5]
    Francois Mautin (1907-2003), bequest of Jeanne Louise Monthiers and Henri Vever [6]
    From 1986
    Arthur M. Sackler Gallery purchased from Francois Mautin [7]
    [1]Octave Homberg Senior was a Censor of the Bank of France before becoming the Director of the Société Générale, one of the oldest banks in France. He amassed a diverse collection of fine arts, which included medieval European sculpture,Islamic manuscripts, and objects. Upon his death, he bequeathed the majority of his collection to his son, Octave Homberg Jr. The rest of the collection was sold via auction at Galerie Georges Petit on May 11-16, 1908, in Paris, France.
    [2] Octave Homberg Jr. was a French diplomat, banker, writer, and collector. As one of France's foremost financiers, he served as the French financial agent in the United States and part of the Anglo-French Commission. In the early 1930s, Homberg experienced/suffered financial trouble and in 1931 he sold most of his art collection, mostof which he had inherited from his father. It is is possible that Homberg Senior bequeathed this manuscript to his son, Homberg Jr., see note 1.
    [3] Galerie Georges Petit, "Catalogue des tableaux anciens : objets d'art et de haute curiosité européens et orientaux ... la collection de Octave Homberg" [auction catalogue] (Paris, June 3-5, 1931), lot 90. See annotations from this auction on recto of last folio in manuscript.
    [4] An accomplished French jeweler and collector, Henri Vever (1854-1942) amassed a large and impressive collection of works of art during his lifetime. His holdings in Japanese prints and Islamic arts of the books, especially from Iran and India, were among the most important assembled in the early twentieth century. This work was in Vever's collection at the time of his death in 1942.
    [5] Upon Henri Vever's death on September 25, 1942, his wife, Jeanne Louise Monthiers inherited the work. See exhibits F and G of Agreement of Purchase and Sale of the Henri Vever Collection, January 9, 1986, copy in object file.
    [6] Upon the death of Jeanne Louise Monthiers, as stipulated in the will of Henri Vever, the family's assets were divided evenly between his two grandchildren. His only grandson, Francois Mautin inherited the collection known as "The Henri Vever Collection of Oriental Art and Manuscripts Including Persian and Indian Art and Manuscripts." This work is part of that collection. See exhibits F and G as cited in note 5.
    [7] The Arthur M. Sackler Gallery purchased the collection from Francois Mautin on January 9, 1986. See purchase agreement, copy in object file.
    Research completed June 26, 2022.
  • Origin

    Qazwin, Iran
  • Credit Line

    Purchase — Smithsonian Unrestricted Trust Funds, Smithsonian Collections Acquisition Program, and Dr. Arthur M. Sackler
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

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