Folio from a Gulistan (Rosegarden) by Sa'di; verso: Galen watching a dispute; recto: text

Detail of a pattern
Image 1 of 2

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At A Glance

  • Period

    Text dated 1468, illumination added early 16th century, paintings repainted ca. 1645
  • Geography

    Present-day Afghanistan, and India
  • Material

    Ink, gold, and opaque watercolor on paper
  • Dimension

    H x W (page): 24.6 x 16 cm (9 11/16 x 6 5/16 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Artist

    Attributed to Payag (active ca.1591-ca.1658)
  • Calligrapher

    Sultan 'Ali Mashhadi
  • Previous custodian or owner

    Shah Tahmasp (1524-1576)
    Akbar (reigned 1556-1605)
    Mughal Imperial Library
    The Art and History Trust
  • Provenance

    Shah Tahmasp (reigned 1524-1576), Persia [1]
    From at least 1558
    Akbar (reigned 1556-1605), India, from at least 1558 [2]
    Mughal Imperial Library [3]
    From at least 1644
    Jahan-ara, daughter of Shah Jahan (reigned 1628-1658), from at least 1644 [4]
    Marquis of Bute, England [5]
    To 1998
    The Art and History Trust, Liechtenstein, to 1998
    From 1998
    Freer Gallery of Art, given by the Art and History Trust in 1998 [6]
    [1] According to Curatorial Note 1, Massumeh Farhad, March 16, 1998, in the object record.
    [2] See note 1.
    [3] See note 1.
    [4] See note 1. Shah-Jahan, was the grandson of Akbar.
    [5] According to Curatorial Note 3 in the object record.
    [6] The Art and History Trust was established in 1991 by Abolala Soudavar and his family of distinguished bibliophiles. Gathered over a period of some thirty years, the collection is presently on long-term loan to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery. However, this particular manuscript was given in honor of Ezzat-Malek Soudavar to the Freer Gallery of Art on the occasion of its seventy-fifth anniversary (see Curatorial Note 3, Massumeh Farhad, August 18, 1998, in the object record).
  • Origin

    Present-day Afghanistan, and India
  • Credit Line

    Gift of the Art and History Trust in honor of Ezzat-Malek Soudavar
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

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