string(20) "edanmdm:fsg_F1997.22" Four Mandala Vajravali Thangka - National Museum of Asian Art

Four Mandala Vajravali Thangka

Detail of a pattern
Image 1 of 11

Terms of Use

Usage Conditions Apply

At A Glance

  • Period

    ca. 1430
  • Geography

    Ngor Monastery, Tibet
  • Material

    Opaque watercolor on cloth
  • Dimension

    H x W: 87.7 x 78 cm (34 1/2 x 30 11/16 in)
  • Accession Number



Object Details

  • Patron

    Shakya Order Monks
  • Description

    The central field with four mandalas, three with red, blue and yellow forms of Naro-dakini, the fourth with a blue unidentified deity, all surrounded by various emanations and other deities, placed within the squares, each of the four entrances flanked by a pair of makaras, the outer circle consisting of five-coloured lotus petals and a ring of fire, the centre with two debating monks, surrounded by four smaller ones, along the borders are depicted the eight cremation grounds, each with a mahasiddha surrounded by various scenes, the upper border depicts sixteen various gods, with a pair of dakinis at the outsides, the others in embrace with their female partner, the lower register with sixteen various coloured dakinis, all against a green scrolling background, the reverse with many mantras and short inscription with dedication to Naro-dakini and probably with the original light-green brocade mountings.
  • Provenance

    William H. Wolff, 1963 [1]
    Makler Family Collection [2]
    From 1997
    Freer Gallery of Art, purchased at auction, Christie's, Amsterdam, November 19, 1997, lot no. 8 [3]
    [1] According to Curatorial Note 2 in the object record.
    [2] See note 1.
    [3] See note 1.
  • Collection

    Freer Gallery of Art Collection
  • Exhibition History

    Beyond the Legacy--Anniversary Acquisitions of the Freer Gallery of Art (October 11, 1998 to April 11, 1999)
  • Previous custodian or owner

    William H. Wolff, Inc. (1906-1991)
    Christie's (Amsterdam)
  • Origin

    Ngor Monastery, Tibet
  • Credit Line

    Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
  • Type

  • Restrictions and Rights

    Usage Conditions Apply

    There are restrictions for re-using this media. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

    The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The National Museum of Asian Art welcomes information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.

Keep Exploring